The ruling Justice and Development Party (AK Party) was designed as a catch-all party
at its inception, without representing any particular ideology in its charter, and it addressed the expectations of the masses traditionally represented by the center-right parties.
According to Congress leader Tom Vadakkan, "under Nehru's leadership, the Congress emerged as a catch-all party
, dominating national and state-level politics and winning consecutive elections in 1951, 1957 and 1962.
After leaving the LDP, he initially founded his own small opposition party, the New Party Mirai (Future), but merged it soon into the Shinshinto (New Frontier Party), a catch-all party
for the merger of several small parties in which political heavyweight Ichiro Ozawa wielded power.
Since reunification the party system has developed into a multidimensional system, which has become more diverse as a result of a regional party system in the East, where the PDS has taken on the role of regional catch-all party
(Volkspartei) alongside the CDU and the SPD, with the marginalization of smaller parties (Rudzio 2003: 153-56).
Mainwaring's (1999) study of the party system finds crucial differences between the political left, which tends to be organized into centralized, ideological parties, and the centre and right, which favour the decentralized, catch-all party
The ODS has declared its intention to become the catch-all party
to address centrist voters," says Payne in an e-mail interview.
Integral to the Greens' continuing success is the fact that they are not just an ecology party but `a catch-all party
of the alternative left', according to Professor Markovits.
A news story titled, "A new pro-Kurdish party to be established," on the Sabah newspaper dated May 18, 1994 reads: "As defined by Elci, the party to be established will be a liberal democratic catch-all party