catechol

(redirected from Catechols)
Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia.

cat·e·chol

 (kăt′ĭ-kôl′, -kŏl′, -kōl′)
n.
2. See catechin.

catechol

(ˈkætɪˌtʃɒl; -ˌkɒl)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a colourless crystalline phenol found in resins and lignins; 1,2-dihydroxybenzene. It is used as a photographic developer. Formula: C6H4(OH)2. Also called: pyrocatechol
2. (Photography) a colourless crystalline phenol found in resins and lignins; 1,2-dihydroxybenzene. It is used as a photographic developer. Formula: C6H4(OH)2. Also called: pyrocatechol
[C20: from catechu + -ol1]

cat•e•chol

(ˈkæt ɪˌkɔl, -ˌkɒl)

n.
a colorless, crystalline derivative of benzene, C6H6O2, used chiefly in photography, for dyeing, and as a reagent.
Also called pyrocatechol.
[1875–80; catech (u) + -ol1]
References in periodicals archive ?
The degree of quatemization was estimated to be 30 catechols and 185 sulfobetaines units per PDMA chain.
From the 12 cases assessed (including our present case), 5 showed increased urine catechols or its metabolites.
22) These 2-hydroxy catechols are considered to have weak oestrogenic activity as they have weak binding capacity to oestrogen receptors and are associated with normal cellular differentiation and apoptosis.
2006); among these chlorinated hydrocarbons, benzenes, phenols, catechols, guaiacols, syringols, vanillins, chloroform, dioxins and furans etc.
More extensive 2-hydroxylation of parent estrogens was associated with lower risk, and less extensive methylation of potentially genotoxic 4-hydroxylation pathway catechols was associated with higher risk of postmenopausal breast cancer.
The team incorporated catechols into the alginate macromolecules that make up their hydrogel.
The findings of our present study provide a general mechanistic basis for the notion that a variety of dietary catechols can function as inhibitors of DNA methylation through increased formation of SAH during the COMT-mediated O-methylation of these dietary chemicals.
Pyrolysis rearranges guaiacols, catechols, syringols, vanillins, furancarboxaldehydes, isoeugenol, pyrones, acetic acid, formic acid, and other carboxylic acids (Piskorz et al.
The strategy uses a simple acid catalyst and relatively stable molecules called protected catechols to assemble key organic molecules into a neatly ordered two-dimensional sheet.
E2 is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1B1 into reactive catechols that undergo redox cycling, resulting in oxidative stress, DNA adduct formation, and DNA mutations (Cavalieri and Rogan 2004; Chakravarti et al.
We assayed plasma concentrations of catechols by alumina extraction followed by HPLC with electrochemical detection; coefficients of correlation for the assay have been published (5,6).
Hydroxyl radical formation via iron-mediated fenton chemistry is inhibited by methylated catechols.