Like much of this area of southern France it is steeped in history and owes its name to the violent repression meted out in the 13th century by members of the Roman Catholic Church to Albigensians - the followers of Catharism
, a religious sect, and hence the phrase the Albigensian Crusade.
, the "very idealistic" movement that the always-bad Catholic Church had cruelly repressed, was a dualism that viewed the physical world as a sinful product of an evil demiurge and that rejected marriage and procreation for its role in bringing new souls into a sinful and evil world.
The local religion then was Catharism
, and its followers were called Cathars; they didn't believe in ornate churches, or paying taxes to religious leaders.
8) "The progress of Catharism
and other heterodox religious movements forced the clergy and the papacy to react promptly, before the entire edifice was undermined" (Vauchez 99).
The crusades were partly motivated by millennial expectations, and during the thirteenth century no fewer than seven were conducted, some directed at internal cancers like Catharism
The church's reaction to the distinctly non-procreative ethic of courtly love in medieval Europe and Catharism
, a Christian sect that rejected the Catholic sacraments, including marriage, further hardened its insistence on the procreative purpose of sex.
Its colourful past includes being a Roman settlement, a stronghold of Catharism
and a wine capital.
The metaphysics of pain in the West is fore-grounded upon the doctrine of dualism as expounded in Platonism, Gnosticism, Manichaism, Catharism
and Kantian thought.
This, in a nutshell, is the argument of Kelly's monograph, which dedicates a chapter to each of five heresies and their contexts: Montanism in the early church, Monophysitism in the age of the christological councils, Catharism
in the Middle Ages, Modernism in late-19th- and early-20th-century Roman Catholicism, and analogous forms of Modernism in Protestantism.
They believed in the equality of men and women; women who converted to Catharism
That is why the framework of analysis provided by DeRougemont's Love in the Western World (1939) is quite appropriate, even though the author diagnosed the erotic pathology of the West starting with the twelfth century, when European literature, and French literature in particular were heavily influenced by the dualistic heresies of Early Christianity: gnosis, manicheism, catharism
2) If we add to this that the head of the movement was a "French" philosopher called Arnaldo--a name with a long history in Occitan-Catalan lands--it seems understandable that this movement was explained as an expansion of Catharism
beyond the Pyrenees.