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A medieval name for China popularized by Marco Polo in accounts of his travels. It usually applied only to the area north of the Yangtze River.
[Medieval Latin Cataya, Cathaya, ultimately (via Turkic languages) from Khitan Khitai, the Khitan people (who ruled in northern China and Central Asia in an era of increasing interaction between China, the Muslim world, and Europe).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Placename) a literary or archaic name for China
[C14: from Medieval Latin Cataya, of Turkic origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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|Noun||1.||Cathay - a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world|
acupuncture, stylostixis - treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
acupressure, G-Jo, shiatsu - treatment of symptoms by applying pressure with the fingers to specific pressure points on the body
Chinese Revolution - the republican revolution against the Manchu dynasty in China; 1911-1912
Chinese Wall, Great Wall, Great Wall of China - a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC; it averages 6 meters in width
yang - the bright positive masculine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology; "yin and yang together produce everything that comes into existence"
yin - the dark negative feminine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology; "the interaction of yin and yang maintains the harmony of the universe"
feng shui - rules in Chinese philosophy that govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to patterns of yin and yang and the flow of energy (qi); the favorable or unfavorable effects are taken into consideration in designing and siting buildings and graves and furniture
Chinese - any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system
Cultural Revolution, Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard; intended to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the government it resulted in purges of the intellectuals and socioeconomic chaos
dim sum - traditional Chinese cuisine; a variety of foods (including several kinds of steamed or fried dumplings) are served successively in small portions
fortune cookie - thin folded wafer containing a maxim on a slip of paper
Red Guard - a radical political movement by Chinese youths who espoused Maoist principles
falun gong - a spiritual movement that began in China in the latter half of the 20th century and is based on Buddhist and Taoist teachings and practices
Manchuria - a region in northeastern China
Beijing, capital of Red China, Peiping, Peking - capital of the People's Republic of China in the Hebei province in northeastern China; 2nd largest Chinese city
Chongqing, Chungking - a city in south-central China on the Chang Jiang; a commercial center for western China
Canton, Guangzhou, Kuangchou, Kwangchow - a city on the Zhu Jiang delta in southern China; the capital of Guangdong province and a major deep-water port
Gansu, Gansu province, Kansu - a province in north-central China; formerly part of the Silk Road to Turkistan and India and Persia
Hunan, Hunan province - a province in southeastern central China between the Nan Ling mountains and the Chang Jiang; noted for its timber and valuable mineral resources
Luda, Luta - an industrial conurbation in northeastern China on the southern end of the Liaodong Peninsula; it now includes the cities of Dalian and Lushun
Dairen, Dalian, Talien - a port and shipbuilding center in northeastern China on the Liaodong Peninsula; now a part of Luda
Loyang, Luoyang - a city in east central China; the capital of ancient China during several dynasties
Lushun, Port Arthur - a major port city in northeastern China on the Liaodong Peninsula; now a part of Luda
Hangchow, Hangzhou - a city of eastern China on Hangzhou Bay; regarded by Marco Polo as the finest city in the world
Nanjing, Nanking - a city in eastern China on the Yangtze River; a former capital of China; the scene of a Japanese massacre in the 1930s
Shanghai - the largest city of China; located in the east on the Pacific; one of the largest ports in the world
Taiyuan - an ancient city in northeastern China noted for coal mining and steel production
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