Catherine de' Medici

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Cath·e·rine de Mé·di·cis

 (kăth′ər-ĭn də mā-dē-sēs′, kăth′rĭn, kät-rēn′) or Catherine de' Me·di·ci (mĕd′ĭ-chē′, mĕd′ē-) 1519-1589.
Queen of France as the wife of Henry II and regent during the minority (1560-1563) of her son Charles IX. She continued to wield power until the end of Charles's reign (1574).
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Catherine de' Medici

or

Catherine de Médicis

n
(Biography) 1519–89, queen of Henry II of France; mother of Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III of France; regent of France (1560–74). She was largely responsible for the massacre of Protestants on Saint Bartholomew's Day (1572)
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References in periodicals archive ?
In Renaissance Europe, two powerful women (Catherine of Medici and, later, Elizabeth I of England) patronized the most important magi of the time.
On the Catholic side of the events surrounding and including the massacre, the main actors were the Duke of Guise, who as scion of the house of Lorraine had claims to the French throne, and the French royal family: Charles ix, the Duke of Anjou, who on Charles's death became Henri iii, and the Queen mother Catherine of Medici. On the Protestant side were Henri Bourbon, King of Navarre and next in line to the throne after the male members of the royal family, Gaspar Coligny the Admiral of France, and the Prince of Conde.
The "Queen's Day" in question here is Shrove Sunday, 13 February 1564, when Catherine of Medici, Queen Mother of France, produced two lavish court spectacles at Fontainebleau: a Bergerie composed by Ronsard and published in revised form the following year in his Elegies, Mascarades et Bergerie, and a five-act dramatic adaptation of the Ginevra episode of Ariosto's Orlando furioso (4.51-6.16), of which nothing survives except brief mentions by contemporary witnesses like Castelnau and Brantome and some incidental texts--two "triumphs" and an epilogue by Ronsard and four anonymous intermedes preserved by Brantome.