Catherine de' Medici

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Cath·e·rine de Mé·di·cis

 (kăth′ər-ĭn də mā-dē-sēs′, kăth′rĭn, kät-rēn′) or Catherine de' Me·di·ci (mĕd′ĭ-chē′, mĕd′ē-) 1519-1589.
Queen of France as the wife of Henry II and regent during the minority (1560-1563) of her son Charles IX. She continued to wield power until the end of Charles's reign (1574).

Catherine de' Medici

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Catherine de Médicis

n
(Biography) 1519–89, queen of Henry II of France; mother of Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III of France; regent of France (1560–74). She was largely responsible for the massacre of Protestants on Saint Bartholomew's Day (1572)
References in periodicals archive ?
On the Catholic side of the events surrounding and including the massacre, the main actors were the Duke of Guise, who as scion of the house of Lorraine had claims to the French throne, and the French royal family: Charles ix, the Duke of Anjou, who on Charles's death became Henri iii, and the Queen mother Catherine of Medici.
The "Queen's Day" in question here is Shrove Sunday, 13 February 1564, when Catherine of Medici, Queen Mother of France, produced two lavish court spectacles at Fontainebleau: a Bergerie composed by Ronsard and published in revised form the following year in his Elegies, Mascarades et Bergerie, and a five-act dramatic adaptation of the Ginevra episode of Ariosto's Orlando furioso (4.
recalls a poignant vignette: after the king's freak death in a jousting accident in 1559, Catherine of Medici "gave free rein to her astrological interests," inviting Nostradamus to come to court and "predict the fate of the royal children" (204).