cation

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cat·i·on

 (kăt′ī′ən)
n.
An ion or group of ions having a positive charge and characteristically moving toward the negative electrode in electrolysis.

[Greek kation, something going down, from neuter present participle of katienai, to go down : kat-, kata-, cata- + ienai, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

cat′i·on′ic (kăt′ī-ŏn′ĭk) adj.

cation

(ˈkætaɪən)
n
(General Physics) a positively charged ion; an ion that is attracted to the cathode during electrolysis. Compare anion
[C19: from cata- + ion]
cationic adj

cat•i•on

(ˈkætˌaɪ ən, -ɒn)

n.
1. a positively charged ion that is attracted to the cathode in electrolysis.
2. any positively charged ion (opposed to anion).
[1825–35; < Greek katión, neuter of katiṓn, present participle of kateînai to go down =kat- cat- + eînai to go]
cat`i•on′ic (-ˈɒn ɪk) adj.

cat·i·on

(kăt′ī′ən)
An ion that has a positive charge. Hydrogen and ammonium ions are cations. Compare anion.

cation

An ion that carries a positive charge, which is attracted by the negatively charged electrode, the cathode, during electrolysis.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cation - a positively charged ion
hydrogen ion - a positively charged atom of hydrogen; that is to say, a normal hydrogen atomic nucleus
ion - a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
diazonium - the univalent cation R-N:N- (where R is an aromatic hydrocarbon); found in salts that are used in manufacturing azo dyes
Translations
kation

cation

[ˈkætaɪən] n (Chem) → catione m
References in classic literature ?
The guns in the rear, aroused and enraged by shells that had been thrown burlike at them, suddenly involved themselves in a hideous alter- cation with another band of guns.
In this atmosphere of telephones and lightning communication with distant regions, I was breathing the breath of life again after long suffo- cation.
In complex oxides which contain more than one type of cation such as pyrochlores, the migration of the ions through the atomic structure, or diffusion, and the conductivity are dramatically affected by disorder, or the way the cations are arranged in the crystal.
This is done by introducing different cations (positively charged ions) into the crystal structure of the perovskite.
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Hardness, pH, major cations and anions can be used to gauge the drinking quality ofgroundwater for community use.
Such solutions will likely affect the level of both soluble and exchangeable cations and lead to soil structural deterioration due to clay dispersion and swelling (Arienzo et al 2009; Jayawardane et al.
SELECTEX is able to pick out from high saline waters one or two or three cations like Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Strontium or Barium as neutral salts, to meet the process specification, while the other ones are left in the treated water.
Users have the ability to determine anions, cations and polar substances by ion chromatography and suppressed conductivity detection in concentrations ranging from percent to ultra-trace.
Although this ordering of negative impacts on soil hydraulic properties among the four cations was documented quantitatively 60 years ago (Quirk and Schofield 1955) and has often been discussed in reviews (Keren 1984; Levy 2012), it has not yet been incorporated into standard irrigation water quality criteria.
Effect of Complexed Alkali Cations on the Dioxygen Affinity and Catalytic Oxidation Abilities of the Cobalt Complexes
have reported that the swelling behaviors of poly(sodium acrylate), poly(sodium acrylate-co-2-hydroxypropyl acrylate), and poly(sodium acrylate-cosodium 1-(acryloyloxy) propan-2-yl phosphate) were remarkably affected by cations, especially multivalent ones [19].
The extractability of metal cations such as Mn2+ Co2+ Cu2+ Zn2+ and Pb2+ from aqueous phase to organic phase with 19-nitro-6715162324-hexahydro-13H26H-1425-propanotribenzo- [bIo][141114718]-tetraoxadiazacycloikocine was investigated by means of UV-vis spectrophotometer.