cation

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cat·i·on

 (kăt′ī′ən)
n.
An ion or group of ions having a positive charge and characteristically moving toward the negative electrode in electrolysis.

[Greek kation, something going down, from neuter present participle of katienai, to go down : kat-, kata-, cata- + ienai, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

cat′i·on′ic (kăt′ī-ŏn′ĭk) adj.

cation

(ˈkætaɪən)
n
(General Physics) a positively charged ion; an ion that is attracted to the cathode during electrolysis. Compare anion
[C19: from cata- + ion]
cationic adj

cat•i•on

(ˈkætˌaɪ ən, -ɒn)

n.
1. a positively charged ion that is attracted to the cathode in electrolysis.
2. any positively charged ion (opposed to anion).
[1825–35; < Greek katión, neuter of katiṓn, present participle of kateînai to go down =kat- cat- + eînai to go]
cat`i•on′ic (-ˈɒn ɪk) adj.

cat·i·on

(kăt′ī′ən)
An ion that has a positive charge. Hydrogen and ammonium ions are cations. Compare anion.

cation

An ion that carries a positive charge, which is attracted by the negatively charged electrode, the cathode, during electrolysis.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cation - a positively charged ion
hydrogen ion - a positively charged atom of hydrogen; that is to say, a normal hydrogen atomic nucleus
ion - a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
diazonium - the univalent cation R-N:N- (where R is an aromatic hydrocarbon); found in salts that are used in manufacturing azo dyes
Translations
kation

cation

[ˈkætaɪən] n (Chem) → catione m
References in classic literature ?
The guns in the rear, aroused and enraged by shells that had been thrown burlike at them, suddenly involved themselves in a hideous alter- cation with another band of guns.
In this atmosphere of telephones and lightning communication with distant regions, I was breathing the breath of life again after long suffo- cation. I realized, then, what a creepy, dull, inanimate horror this land had been to me all these years, and how I had been in such a stifled condition of mind as to have grown used to it almost beyond the power to notice it.
I made no answer to this hospitable communi- cation; and, indeed, he didn't wait for any, bolting away on to his bridge to get his ship under way.
Due to the positive charge, the interlayer cations can interact through electrostatic interactions with the silicon tetrahedral [3].
A proper amount of the ion stabilizer dissolves in the slurry fluid can form ionic solutions; that is, a liquid organic salt composed of cations and anions [35], which contains the basic properties of shield slurry.
This is done by introducing different cations (positively charged ions) into the crystal structure of the perovskite.
A typical 3D perovskite is comprised of a three-dimensional network of corner-sharing BX6 octahedrons while A cations are filling the resulting 12-fold coordinated holes among the periodical octahedrons.
Isomorphic substitutions can occur in either the tetrahedral ([Si.sup.4+] with [Al.sup.3+]) or octahedral ([Al.sup.3+] with [Mg.sup.2+] or [Fe.sup.2+]) sheets, which yields a net negative charge that is balanced by cations located in the interlayer region.
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Hardness, pH, major cations and anions can be used to gauge the drinking quality ofgroundwater for community use.
Such solutions will likely affect the level of both soluble and exchangeable cations and lead to soil structural deterioration due to clay dispersion and swelling (Arienzo et al 2009; Jayawardane et al.
SELECTEX is able to pick out from high saline waters one or two or three cations like Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Strontium or Barium as neutral salts, to meet the process specification, while the other ones are left in the treated water.