Although this was an observational study from which we can't draw causal relationships
, changing prescriptions from an easily removed drug to a difficult-to-remove drug might be a simple way to lower the risk of premature death for people receiving kidney dialysis.
Other physical causal relationships
are unseen, such as gravity causing an apple to fall from a tree.
The primary objective of this paper is quantitative determination of the causal relationships
among key instruments of the Czech National Bank's monetary policy, the intermediate criteria of monetary policy, and macroeconomic variables representing real economic performance of the Czech Republic and the domestic price level within monetarist approach.
The third identification strategy employs the method of instrumental variables (IV), a statistical technique used to estimate causal relationships
when controlled experiments are not possible.
The methodology used included three steps, through which were obtained causal relationships
in the short and long run, between real GDP per capita and energy consumption by fuel toe per capita.
Serious consideration of causal relationships
was often an afterthought.
With the help of searching and matching algorithms, open and axial coding based on causal relationships
was performed as suggested by grounded theory.
We explore these three trends not as causal relationships
but as three trends that hold importance and are related to the daily activities of teachers and students throughout the schoolday.
of Florida) notes how organizational theory does not address the behavior of individuals but rather entire organizations, and he explains how these theoretical models explain and predict regularities and causal relationships
within these elements.
The study also supported causal relationships
between vitamin E and ascorbic acid supplements, saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids and total fats, alpha-linoleic acid, meat, eggs and milk.
Prospective studies, which follow people over time, are a better way to investigate potentially causal relationships
These indicators relate to the three spheres of sustainability-environmental, social, and economic, using SAS' predictive abilities to validate strategies, identify causal relationships
, forecast improvement scenarios and drive innovation.