And marks on the exterior of the bone indicate that this bone fragment was probably brought into the cave by a carnivore such as a cave hyena
, or a wolf.
"The tooth was from a baby cave hyena
and it's 60,000-years-old.
From the tiny amounts of sediments recovered, the researchers were then able to retrieve fragments of mitochondrial DNA belonging to twelve different mammalian species, including the woolly mammoth, the woolly rhinoceros, the cave bear and the cave hyena
Diedrich, "The holotypes of the upper Pleistocene Crocuta crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1823: Hyaenidae) and Panthera leo spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810: Felidae) of the Zoolithen Cave hyena
den (South Germany) and their palaeo-ecological interpretation," Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol.
Prehistoric mammals are also represented from the earliest forms through to the megafauna of the Ice Ages, including the mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, cave bears, cave hyenas
and wild horses.
A rich trove of animal bones has also emerged, including the remains of horses, woolly rhinoceroses, bison, yaks, antelope, and cave hyenas