cephalothin

(redirected from Cefalotin)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Cefalotin: cephalothin, Keflin

cephalothin

(ˈsɛfələˌθɪn)
n
a cephalosporin antibiotic often used in the treatment of bacterial infections
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cephalothin - a semisynthetic analogue of cephalosporin
cephalosporin, Mefoxin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
strain showed resistance to the following: ampicillin (AMP), amoxicillin-clavulanate (AMC), cefalotin (CF), piperacillin (PIP), piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP), cefuroxime (CXM), cefoxitin (FOX), cefotaxime (CTX), ceftriaxone (CRO), aztreonam (ATM), ceftazidime (CAZ), cefepime (FEP), imipenem (IPM), meropenem (MEM), ertapenem (ETP), trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (SXT), amikacin (AK), tobramycin (NN), netilmicin (NET), ampicillin-sulbactam (SAM), ciprofloxacin (CIP), chloramphenicol (C).
Eleven test tubes with saline solution were prepared in duplicate, and the six antibiotics previously selected in the disk diffusion sensitivity test were added: cefaclor, vancomycin, nalidixic acid, cefalotin, chloramphenicol, and cefalexin.
aureus isolates were tested for susceptibility to penicillin (10 u/disk); imipenem (10 pg/disk); cefazoline (30 pg/disk); cefalotin (30 pg/disk); ceftriaxone (30 pg/disk); gentamicin (10 pg/disk); ciprofloxacin (5 pg/disk); clindamycin (2 pg/disk); azithromycin (15 pg/disk); erythromycin (15 pg/disk); mupirocin (30 pg/disk); rifampicin (5 pg/disk); tetracycline (30 pg/disk); trimethoprim (5 pg/disk); vancomycin (30 pg/disk) and nitrofurantoin (300 pg/disk) by the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method.
While ceftiraxon resistance remained the same, cefoperazone and cefalotin resistance increased.