cloning

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clone

 (klōn)
n.
1. A group of cells or organisms that are descended from and genetically identical to a single progenitor, such as a bacterial colony whose members arose from a single original cell.
2. An organism developed asexually from another and genetically identical to it, such as an animal produced from an egg cell into which the nucleus of an adult individual has been transferred.
3. A DNA sequence, such as a gene, that is transferred from one organism to another and replicated by genetic engineering techniques.
4. One that copies or closely resembles another, as in appearance or function: "filled with business-school clones in gray and blue suits" (Michael M. Thomas).
v. cloned, clon·ing, clones
v.tr.
1. To make multiple identical copies of (a DNA sequence).
2. To create or propagate (an organism) from a clone cell: clone a sheep.
3. To reproduce or propagate asexually: clone a plant variety.
4. To produce a copy of; imitate closely: "The look has been cloned into cliché" (Cathleen McGuigan).
v.intr.
To grow as a clone.

[Greek klōn, twig.]

clon′al (klō′nəl) adj.
clon′al·ly adv.
clon′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cloning

(ˈkləʊnɪŋ)
n
(Genetics) genetics the process of making an identical copy of an organism or cell
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cloning - a general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (a gene or organism or cell)cloning - a general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (a gene or organism or cell)
biological research - scientific research conducted by biologists
reproductive cloning - making a full living copy of an organism; requires a surrogate mother
biomedical cloning, therapeutic cloning - nuclear transplantation of a patient's own cells to make an oocyte from which immune-compatible cells (especially stem cells) can be derived for transplant
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
اسْتِنْساخ
genetické klonování
kloning
klónozás
klonlama

cloning

[ˈkləʊnɪŋ] Nclonación f, clonaje m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

cloning

nKlonen nt; human cloningKlonen ntvon Menschen; therapeutic cloningtherapeutisches Klonen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

clone

(kləun) verb
to produce a copy of an animal or plant from a single cell of that animal or plant.
noun
a copy of an animal or plant produced from that animal or plant.
cloning noun
genetic cloning.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

clon·ing

n. clonación; proceso asexual de producción en un embrión.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The technique of somatic cell cloning in mammalians has been developed in the last few decades after the production of the first cloned sheep from a mammary gland cell [1].
In addition, increasing usage of micromanipulator novel applications such as genomics, proteomics, transgenesis and cell cloning would provide continued growth thrust for the market.
Among the topics are how germ cell cloning contributes to the current understanding of genomic imprinting in mammals, pregnancy and neonatal care of SCNT animals, a historical perspective on the cloning of cattle, transgenic cloned goats and the production of recombinant therapeutic proteins, a proteomic approach to the reprogramming machinery of the mouse oocyte, and genome exchange in human oocytes.
SAN DIEGO, Calif., December 24,2012--An international team, headed by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, has identified a key enzyme in the reprogramming process that promotes malignant stem cell cloning and the growth of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a cancer of the blood and marrow that experts say is increasing in prevalence.
A Paarl neurosurgeon claims to be on his way to a world first in repairing spinal cord injuries using therapeutic stem cell cloning, having removed 35 mm from the spinal cord of a quadriplegic man and injecting a 'special' matrix of the cells into the defect.
Stable transfectants were generated after 3 to 4 weeks post-transfection and cell cloning was performed using limiting dilution method.
This is a concept that can be poorly understood but is the basis for experiments such as somatic cell cloning. I have found the analogy useful across all year levels at high schools, and with the increasing penetration of DNA-related content into lower year levels it becomes even more important to have some models that students can start their thinking and reasoning around.
Somatic cell cloning can be used for preservation of endangered species.