genome

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Related to Cell genome: genomic DNA

ge·nome

 (jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.


ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

(ˈdʒiːnəʊm) or

genom

n
1. (Genetics) the full complement of genetic material within an organism
2. (Biology) all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
[C20: from German Genom, from Gen gene + (chromos)ome]
genomic adj

ge•nome

(ˈdʒi noʊm)

n.
a full haploid set of chromosomes with all its genes; the total genetic constitution of a cell or organism.
[1925–30; < German]
ge•no′mic, adj.

ge·nome

(jē′nōm)
The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in the chromosomes of all cells except reproductive cells. The human genome is made up of about 30,000 genes. ♦ The scientific study of genomes is called genomics (jə-nō′mĭks).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genome - the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism; "the human genome contains approximately three billion chemical base pairs"
ordering, ordination, order - logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements; "we shall consider these questions in the inverse order of their presentation"
Translations
genom
genomiperimä
génállománygenom
erfðamengi
ゲノム
genoom
genom
genoma
genom
genom

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] Ngenoma m

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] ngénome m

genome

n (Biol) → Genom nt

genom

, genome
n. genoma, el conjunto básico completo de cromosomas haploides en un organismo.

genome

n genoma m; human — genoma humano
References in periodicals archive ?
Solving Diagnostic Odysseys in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Achieving Valuable Insight from a Single Cell Genome," a presentation by Benjamin Solomon, MD, Chief, Division of Medical Genomics, Inova Translational Medicine Institute.
The current study shows that the four proteins can transform somatic cells into iPS cells while leaving the target cell genome undisturbed.
The a lac-Z gene, which changes nothing of the original neuronal cell genome, is used in the viral vector in place of the GAD gene to test for the effect of the presence of a viral vector on seizure activity.
The researchers found that in stably transformed HeLa cells, the integration event occurred at the right border of the Ti plasmid's T-DNA, exactly as would happen when it is being transferred into a plant cell genome.
The foreign gene construct which encodes a particular protein can be read and expressed in the host micro-organism only if it has been successfully integrated in the host cell genome and the gene construct includes "control regions" to guide the beginning and end of the reading process.