lysis

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ly·sis

 (lī′sĭs)
n. pl. ly·ses (-sēz)
1. Biochemistry The dissolution or destruction of cells, such as blood cells or bacteria, as by the action of a specific lysin that disrupts the cell membrane.
2. Medicine The gradual subsiding of the symptoms of an acute disease.

[New Latin, from Latin, a loosening, from Greek lusis, from lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.]

lysis

(ˈlaɪsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
1. (Biochemistry) the destruction or dissolution of cells by the action of a particular lysin
2. (Medicine) med the gradual reduction in severity of the symptoms of a disease
[C19: New Latin, from Greek, from luein to release]

ly•sis

(ˈlaɪ sɪs)

n.
1. the dissolution or destruction of cells by lysins.
2. the gradual recession of a disease. Compare crisis (def. 4).
[1815–25; < Greek lýsis a loosening <ly-, variant s. of ly(ein) to loosen]

-lysis

a combining form with the meanings “breakdown,” “decomposition” of or by means of the thing specified by the initial element: cytolysis; hydrolysis; photolysis.
[< Greek; see lysis]

ly·sis

(lī′sĭs)
The disintegration of a cell that results from destruction of the cell membrane by a specific substance, especially an antibody or toxin.

lysis

the decomposition of cells by antibodies called lysins.
See also: Decaying
the destruction of cells by the action of certain lysins. See also health. — lytic, adj.
See also: Cells
the gradual process of a disease, ending in the recovery of the patient. See also cells. — lyterian, lytic, adj.
See also: Health

lysis

The destruction of cells, for example those of bacteria by a bacteriophage.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lysis - recuperation in which the symptoms of an acute disease gradually subside
convalescence, recuperation, recovery - gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
2.lysis - (biochemistry) dissolution or destruction of cells such as blood cells or bacteria
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
autolysis, self-digestion - lysis of plant or animal tissue by an internal process
bacteriolysis - dissolution or destruction of bacteria
cytolysis - pathological breakdown of cells by the destruction of their outer membrane
dissolution, disintegration - separation into component parts
haematolysis, haemolysis, hematolysis, hemolysis - lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
karyolysis - disintegration and dissolution of a cell nucleus when a cell dies
necrolysis - disintegration and dissolution of dead tissue
osteolysis - lysis of bone caused by disease or infection or inadequate blood supply
radiolysis - molecular disintegration resulting from radiation
thrombolysis - the process of breaking up and dissolving blood clots
Translations

ly·sis

n. lisis.
1. proceso de destrucción o disolución de glóbulos rojos, bacterias o cualquier antígeno por medio de lisina;
2. desaparición gradual de los síntomas de una enfermedad.

lysis

n lisis f; — of adhesions lisis de adherencias
References in periodicals archive ?
Pexa-Vec is engineered to express the immunogenic GM-CSF protein, which complements the cancer cell lysis of the product candidate, leading to tumor necrosis, tumor vasculature shutdown and sustained anti-tumoral immune attack.
The proposed pathophysiological mechanism includes keratinocyte apoptosis receptor fas (CD95) or cytotoxic release of perforin and granzyme B causing cell lysis.
This was still significantly improved upon by an approach of proteinase K digestion in a cell lysis buffer followed by centrifugation to remove debris and testing of supernatant, with a reported LOD of two tachyzoites.
These cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) are capable of inducing tumor cell lysis and studies in the 1980s demonstrated the ability of IL-2 to mediate these cells to cause tumor regression in melanomas.
This shows that pneumolysin is an intracellular protein and released only upon cell lysis.
0ml of 10mM of EDTA, final volume raised to 250ml with distilled water) and placed for 15 minutes that allows plasmoptysis of bacterial cells which will ease the cell lysis process in sonication procedure.
TNT009 thereby prevents downstream disease processes involving phagocytosis, inflammation, and cell lysis.
Tenders are invited for Supply, Installation, Commissioning And Warranty Of 1) Ultra Sonicator Device With Standard Probe For Liposome Size Reduction And Bacterial Cell Lysis
Whole cell lysis buffer containing proteasome inhibitor and BCA protein kit were products from Beyotime Institute of Biotechnology (Shanghai, China), and enhanced chemiluminescence (ECL) detection kit was obtained from Amersham Biosciences (Buckinghamshire, UK).
This practice is driven by the theoretical potential for sterile water to initiate water-induced hypotonic shock resulting in cell lysis and thus decreased tumour cell burden, seeding potential, and local recurrence.
CAVATAK acts to kill both local and metastatic cancer cells through cell lysis and the potential generation of an immune response against the cancer cells.
Techniques for cell lysis and isolation or purification of NA were discovered in early NA characterization studies, and still serve as the foundation for current methods.