cell organelle


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Related to cell organelle: mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum
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Noun1.cell organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
cilium - a hairlike projection from the surface of a cell; provides locomotion in free-swimming unicellular organisms
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
lysosome - an organelle found in the cytoplasm of most cells (especially in leukocytes and liver and kidney cells)
cell nucleus, karyon, nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
nucleole, nucleolus - a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles contain RNA and are involved in protein synthesis
chondriosome, mitochondrion - an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy
centriole - one of a pair of small cylindrical cell organelles near the nucleus in animal cells; composed of nine triplet microtubules and form the asters during mitosis
ribosome - an organelle in the cytoplasm of a living cell; they attach to mRNA and move down it one codon at a time and then stop until tRNA brings the required amino acid; when it reaches a stop codon it falls apart and releases the completed protein molecule for use by the cell; "the ribosome is the site of protein synthesis"
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References in periodicals archive ?
These results suggest that AX protects the cell organelle mitochondria and nucleus of the nematode, resulting in a life span extension via an Ins/IGF-1 signaling pathway during normal aging, at least in part.
This then merges with a lysosome, a cell organelle containing many different enzymes that are specialized in breaking down biomolecules.
Peroxisomes: A cytoplasmic cell organelle containing enzymes that act in the production and decomposition of hydrogen peroxide.
A study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland and published in Nucleic Acids Research investigated the effect of ciprofloxacin on mitochondria, the important cell organelles in our body that produce the energy for cellular function.
Since the division of cell organelles depends on their copy number, mitochondria have been shown to move towards the peripheral membrane at the start of mitosis.3 C.
This led many to think that there might be a link between the tiny cell organelles and the symptoms of aging such as hair loss, wrinkles, and more serious age-related diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and neurological disorders.
By their morphological appearance mitochondria are perhaps the most intriguing cell organelles. Practically, a mitochondrion is a balloon inside the balloon where inner and outer membranes create two separate internal compartments: intermembrane space and matrix space [1].
Sections were stained with 1% toluidine blue to provide the fine nuclear details of the cells and less superimposition of cell organelles.
The formation of eukaryotic cell organelles consists of two phases: before and after mitochondria and plastids are generated from phagocytosis.