A loosely organized sodalitas literaria was founded, modeled on that of Conrad Celtis
, and it gave the humanists an opportunity to pursue their common interests.
The overstory here is more diverse and other important species ave Aesculus glabra, Celtis
occidentalis, Carya spp.
One also wishes that Gilli, while assessing the Italian criticism of French culture (a criticism that was profoundly resented by the French humanists), had noted that the disparaging remarks by the Italian humanists were not limited to France, as his study seems to indicate, but in fact extended to all of Europe - one need only look as far as Germany and the German humanist Konrad Celtis
, who like the French counterparts, keenly resented the Italian criticism.
minor were in low-lying deciduous forests (primarily dominated by Celtis
laevigata, Nyssa sylvatica, Quercus lyrata, and Q.
Brushlands in the LRGV are typically dominated by native species such as Fraxinus berlandieriana, Ulmus crossifolia, Celtis
laevigata, Chloroleucon ebano, Ehretia anacua or Prosopis glandulosa with ground layers dominated by Chromolaena odorata, Rivina humilis, Malpighia glabra, Setaria leucopila or Panicum maximum.
All four of the species (Ehretia anacua, Celtis
pallida, Condalia hookeri and Chloroleucon ebano) initially planted at the facilitated succession site were present in the native woodland.
Understory trees were not common; Celtis
laevigata (sugarberry) was the most numerous with 7 stems/ha.
Yet Stadtwald has made this topic come alive in his examination of the politics and anti-papal propaganda of the "Vienna circle" of humanists who gathered around Conrad Celtis
, and of those who gravitated around Luther.
Subdominant species at the site include: Aesculus glabra, Celtis
occidentalis, Fraxinus americana, Prunus serotina, Quercus rubra, and Ulmus rubra.
Without diminishing the importance of Celtis
, both Heinz Entner ("Was steckt hinter dem Wort 'sodalitas litteraria'") and Harald Dickerhof ("Der Deutsche Erzhumanist Conrad Celtis
und seine Sodalen") deconstruct the myths and legends that have surrounded Celtis
Sapium and Celtis
seeds were exposed to different combinations of light and temperature.
occidentalis, Fraxinus americana, E pennsylvanica, Liriodendron tulipifera, Populus deltoides, Quercus muehlenbergii, Q.