centrosome

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Related to Centrosomes: endoplasmic reticulum, Peroxisomes, Plastids

cen·tro·some

 (sĕn′trə-sōm′)
n.
A small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus that contains the centrioles and serves to organize microtubules.

cen′tro·so′mic (-sō′mĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

centrosome

(ˈsɛntrəˌsəʊm)
n
(Genetics) a small body in a cell where microtubules are produced. In animal cells it surrounds the centriole. Also called: centrosphere
centrosomic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cen•tro•some

(ˈsɛn trəˌsoʊm)

n.
a small region near the nucleus in the cytoplasm of a cell, containing the centrioles.
[1895–1900]
cen`tro•som′ic (-ˈsɒm ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cen·tro·some

(sĕn′trə-sōm′)
A specialized region of the cytoplasm located next to the nucleus of a cell that in animal cells contains the centrioles.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.centrosome - small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleuscentrosome - small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
cytol, cytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since the life of a cell depends on the functional interplay of the intracellular organelles, how the cytoplasmic space is created for the phases of cell division to form spindles, nuclear envelop fragmentation, appearance of centrosomes at spindle poles, appearance of equatorial chromosomes and contraction ring leading finally to appearance of two daughter cells with the resumption of transcription activity.1 Important observations from the literature are: A.
These patterns include centrosomes, spindle fibers with subpattern nuclear mitotic apparatus (NuMA), intercellular bridge, and mitotic chromosome coat.
Mitotic apparatus is comprised of some structures such as centrosomes, spindle poles, spindle microtubules, and chromosomes and intercellular bridge (11).
To better understand the process of the simultaneous formation of the first two polar bodies in an androgenetic clam, the meiotic process was observed by visualizing cytoskeletal elements, such as microtubules and centrosomes, and distribution of actin.
Gynogenesis apparently functions to provide targeted oocytes with sperm-derived centrosomes which replace their developmentally eliminated original oocyte centrosomes [15].
Furthermore, they indicated that hyperactivation of SHP2 was distributed into centrosomes and caused centrosome amplification and genomic instability which lead to malignant proliferation of HSCs or myeloid progenitors [36].
Mack's use of theme/rheme Theme Rheme These cells contain a smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, peroxisomes, ribosomes, centrosomes, mitochondria, plastids and nucleus.
Blocking Eg5 expression impairs the separation of duplicated centrosomes, leading to cell-cycle arrest in mitosis with monastrol microtubule arrays and triggering apoptotic cell death in tumor cells [11].
Txndc9 emerged in both nucleus and cytoplasm and it localized to centrosomes and midbody during cytokinesis in Hela cells [8].
While normal cells have exactly two centrosomes at the onset of mitosis, cancer cells often have multiple centrosomes that lead to formation of multiple spindle poles.