cephalosporin

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ceph·a·lo·spo·rin

 (sĕf-ə-lə-spôr′ĭn)
n.
Any of various beta-lactam antibiotics, derived from the fungus Acremonium chrysogenum or made semisynthetically, used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections.

[New Latin Cephalosporium, former genus name (cephalo- + spora, spore; see spore) + -in.]

cephalosporin

(ˌsɛfələʊˈspɔːrɪn)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a group of broad-spectrum antibiotics obtained from fungi of the genus Cephalosporium

ceph•a•lo•spo•rin

(ˌsɛf ə loʊˈspɔr ɪn, -ˈspoʊr-)

n.
any of a group of widely used broad-spectrum antibiotics, derived from the fungus Cephalosporium acremonium.
[1950–55; < New Latin Cephalospor(ium)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cephalosporin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin)cephalosporin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
cefadroxil, Ultracef - a cephalosporin antibiotic (trade name Ultracef)
Cefobid, cefoperazone - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Cefobid) used for severe infections
cefotaxime, Claforan - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
ceftazidime, Fortaz, Tazicef - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
ceftriaxone, Rocephin - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Rocephin) used for severe infection of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
Ceftin, cefuroxime, Zinacef - a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
cephalexin, Keflex, Keflin, Keftab - an oral cephalosporin (trade names Keflex and Keflin and Keftab) commonly prescribe for mild to moderately severe infections of the skin or ears or throat or lungs or urinary tract
cephalothin - a semisynthetic analogue of cephalosporin
Translations

ceph·a·lo·spo·rin

n. cefalosporina, antibiótico de espectro amplio.

cephalosporin

n cefalosporina
References in periodicals archive ?
coli in nosocomial and community acquired infections is stated in most of the regions of world.5 These organisms are non-susceptible to most of the antimicrobials used for the treatment of UTIs and wound infections such as ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and most of the cephelosporins.6 Very limited data are available on the prevalence of ESBLs in Pakistan and very few studies are published on genetic characterization of these enzymes.
All cephelosporins and other b-lactam antibiotics were highly resistant (83-100%), except piperacillin/tazobactam with 42.6% resistance.