cerebellum

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Related to Cerebellopontine: cerebellopontine angle tumor, cerebellopontine angle syndrome

cer·e·bel·lum

 (sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cer·e·bel·lums or cer·e·bel·la (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker- in Indo-European roots.]

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.

cerebellum

(ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm)
n, pl -lums or -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) one of the major divisions of the vertebrate brain, situated in man above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum, whose function is coordination of voluntary movements and maintenance of bodily equilibrium
[C16: from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum]
ˌcereˈbellar adj

cer•e•bel•lum

(ˌsɛr əˈbɛl əm)

n., pl. -bel•lums, -bel•la (-ˈbɛl ə)
the rounded portion of the brain, directly behind the cerebrum in birds and mammals, that serves mainly to coordinate movement, posture, and balance.
[1555–65; < Latin: brain, diminutive of cerebrum (for formation see castle)]
cer`e•bel′lar, adj.

cer·e·bel·lum

(sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
The part of the vertebrate brain that is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull and coordinates balance and muscle activity. In humans and other mammals, the cerebellum is made up of two connecting parts, called hemispheres, consisting of a core of white matter surrounded by gray matter.

cerebellum


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The largest part of the hindbrain, sprouting below the back of the cerebrum. It helps produce smoothly controlled and coordinated muscular movements.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate braincerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery - an artery that supplies the cerebellum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
cerebellar hemisphere - either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
dentate nucleus - a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
vermis, vermis cerebelli - the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum - the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
Translations
mozeček
pikkuaivot

cerebellum

[ˌserɪˈbeləm] N (cerebellums or cerebella (pl)) [ˌserɪˈbelə]cerebelo m

cerebellum

nKleinhirn nt, → Zerebellum nt (spec)

cerebellum

[ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm] n (Anat) → cervelletto

cer·e·bel·lum

n. cerebelo, parte posterior del cerebro, centro de coordinación de los movimientos musculares voluntarios.

cerebellum

n cerebelo
References in periodicals archive ?
This can be seen with presbycusis, internal auditory canal (IAC) and cerebellopontine angle (CPA) tumors, labyrinthitis and CNS pathology.
8) While MRI is only indicated for facial nerve lesions of the brainstem, cerebellopontine angle, and intratemporal locations, EMG may aid in clinical decision making for superficial facial nerve lesions.
We report a rare case of contralateral hearing loss after vestibular schwannoma excision in a 48-year-old man who underwent surgery via a suboccipital approach for removal of a nearly 2-cm lesion involving the right cerebellopontine angle.
Functional surgery of cerebellopontine angle by minimally invasive retrosigmoid approach.
Cerebellar liponeurocytoma most commonly involves the cerebellar hemispheres but may be located in the paramedian region or vermis and may extend to the cerebellopontine angle or fourth ventricle.
Blepharospasm-oromandibular dystonia associated with a left cerebellopontine angle meningioma.
The remaining material is organized by anatomy, with seven chapters focusing on the external auditory canal and pinna; the middle ear and mastoid; temporal bone vascular anatomy, anomalies, and disease, with an emphasis on pulsatile tinnitus; the inner ear and otodystrophics; temporal bone trauma; anatomy and development of the facial nerve; and the vestibulocochlear nerve, with an emphasis on the normal and diseased internal auditory canal and cerebellopontine angle.
8 cm in diameter) located in the right cerebellopontine angle and cerebellum (Figure 2, panels A and B).
10(a) shows a post contrast MR scan through the cerebellopontine angle demonstrates a tumor with intense enhancement that extends into the widened internal Auditory canal displacing the pons probably vestibular shcwannoma
The seventh and eighth cranial nerves (facial and vestibulocochlear) consistently course towards the internal auditory canal within the cerebellopontine angle (Haines, 2006).
Acoustic neuroma surgery is a lengthy procedure but requires rapid emergence from anaesthesia to allow detection of cerebellopontine angle haematoma, which is one of the early complications of this type of surgery.
6,7) Several reports in the literature have described cases of neurosarcoidosis presenting as a mass in the cerebellopontine angle, (8) sphenoid wing, (9) brain stem, (10) fronto-temporal area, (11) cerebellum, (11) cavernous sinus, (12) and pituitary gland.