herniation

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her·ni·ate

 (hûr′nē-āt′)
intr.v. her·ni·at·ed, her·ni·at·ing, her·ni·ates
To protrude through an abnormal bodily opening.

her′ni·a′tion n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

herniation

(ˌhɜːnɪˈeɪʃən)
n
(Pathology) pathol an abnormal protrusion; hernia
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.herniation - rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudesherniation - rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
rupture - state of being torn or burst open
colpocele, vaginocele - hernia projecting into the vagina
diverticulum - a herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ (especially the colon)
eventration - protrusion of the intestine through the abdominal wall
exomphalos - an umbilical hernia at birth in which some abdominal organs push into the umbilical cord
diaphragmatic hernia, hiatal hernia, hiatus hernia - hernia resulting from the protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm
inguinal hernia - hernia in which a loop of intestine enters the inguinal canal; the most common type of hernia in males
keratocele - hernia of the cornea
laparocele - hernia through the abdomen
omphalocele, umbilical hernia - protrusion of the intestine and omentum through a hernia in the abdominal wall near the navel; usually self correcting after birth
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
herniace

her·ni·a·tion

n. herniación, desarrollo de una hernia;
___ of nucleus pulposus___ del núcleo pulposo, prolapso o ruptura del disco intervertebral ___.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
(3,4) The reported neurological complications include cerebral infarction, cerebral herniation, hydrocephalus, cranial nerve palsies, and vascular complications.
The complications of HSVE can be divided into the acute effects, including cerebral edema, intracranial hypertension, cerebral herniation and seizures, and chronic complications, which depend upon the areas affected and can also include anti-NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor encephalitis.
(8-14) Symptoms and death occur in patients with intracranial mass since it increases ICP and leads to cerebral herniation. A small CNS mass placed in pathophysiological critical points blocks cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or even if it does not block CSF, it may increase ICP and lead to herniation.
Faster CSF drainage may result in intracranial hypotension (defined as an opening pressure of [less than or equal to]60 mm [H.sub.2]O; Holbrook & Saindane, 2017), cerebral herniation, type I Chiari malformation, tension pneumocephalus, and so forth (Kim, Kim, Jung, Kim, & Joo, 2016; Kumar et al., 2016; Pepper, Lin, Sullivan, & Marentette, 2011).
However, in acute brain injury (either traumatic or vascular) large increase in volumes in the form of cerebral edema or expanding hematoma sets the equilibrium at a higher ICP which could produce reduction in cerebral blood flow and eventually ischemia and cerebral herniation. Normal range of ICP in adults lies between 7 and 15 mmHg.
External cerebral herniation is more than 1.5 cm of herniated brain tissue through the craniectomy in the center of the skull defect.
Complications includes; Neurological deficits, Seizures Hydrocephalus, Spasticity, Urinary complications, Deep venous thrombosis (DVT),Pulmonary emboli, Cerebral herniation, Loss of cognitive function, Loss of movement of arm(s) or leg(s),dysphagia, dysphasia, vision loss etc.
Untreated or inadequately treated cerebral paragonimiasis may cause eosinophilic meningoencephalitis, hydrocephalus, increased intracranial pressure, blindness, coma and death from cerebral herniation. (2, 9, 11)