cerebral palsy(redirected from Cerebral paresis)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Any of a group of disorders of varying severity caused by brain injury usually at or before birth, resulting in impairment of muscle movement that may include spasticity, involuntary movement, or problems maintaining balance.
(Pathology) a nonprogressive impairment of muscular function and weakness of the limbs, caused by lack of oxygen to the brain immediately after birth, brain injury during birth, or viral infection
a condition of muscular weakness and difficulty in coordinating voluntary movement owing to developmental or congenital damage to the brain.
cere′bral pal′sied, adj.
A disorder caused by brain injury usually at or before birth, having symptoms that include poor muscle control and that often involve paralysis or abnormal stiffness of the muscles. Other forms of disability, such as mental retardation, may also be present.
The poor control over, or paralysis of, voluntary (under conscious control) muscles resulting from damage to the developing brain. Categories of disability caused by cerebral palsy include: diplegia , in which all four limbs are affected but the legs more severely than the arms; hemiplegia , in which the limbs on only one side of the body are affected; and quadriplegia, in which both arms and legs are severely affected.