Therapeutic properties and potential health benefits of sea cucumbers can be attributed to the presence of an extensive array of bioactive compounds including chondroitin sulfates, sulfated polysaccharides, sterols, cerebrosides
, peptides, triterpenoid glycosides (saponins), etc.
Tang, Two New Cerebrosides
from the Pollen of Typha angustifolia, Fitoterapia, 81, 196 (2010).
The discovery of bioactive compounds and therapeutic properties isolated from sea cucumber such as chondroitin sulfate, triterpene glycosides (saponins), lectins, heparin, cerebrosides
, gangliosides, bioactive peptides, sterols, and omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids leads to potential drug development in various pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, functional foods, and nutraceuticals industries.
Eicosenoic acid is important in the production of cerebrosides
, which are components of nerve membranes and the "white substance" of the brain.
(Kawai and Ikeda, 1985) and lectins (Chumkhunthod et al.
The first part of the volume is organized by chemical class, covering monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, triterpenes & steroids, essential oils, phenolic compounds, phenylpropanoids, coumarins, flavonoids, quinones & benzophenones, xanthones & anthranoids, lignans & stilbenes, tannins, alkaloids, and ceramides & cerebrosides
1985) Spontaneous and plasma factor-mediated transfer of pyrenyl cerebrosides
between model and native lipoproteins.
Neosynthesis of Epidermal Lipids (%) Control 1% organic white Lupine extract Polar lipids 100 104 Ceramides 100 144 Cholesterol 100 200 Di and Triglycerides 100 100 Cerebrosides
100 120 Cholesterol sulfate 100 145 Note: Table made from bar graph.
Lipids Listed as ceramides, cerebrosides
or sphingo lipids.