One is a small kingfisher (Ceryle
Americana); it has a longer tail than the European species, and hence does not sit in so stiff and upright a position.
Most dominant birds were house crow, Corvus splendens (n=2518), house sparrow, Passer domesticus (n=772), common myna, Acridotheres tristis (n=327), black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax (n=190) and jungle babbler, Turdoides striatus (n=186), and the least dominant pied kingfisher Ceryle
rudis (one); their relative abundance is represented in Table I.
Otus senegalensis, Halcyon senegalensis and Ceryle
rudis) and 89 omnivorous birds (n = 89) (e.g., Zosterops senegalensis, Actophilornis africanus and Eremopterix leucotis) was also recorded at Manjinji Pan.
Heavily grazed plots in Wuntori and Tugu shallow marshes, with severe animal trampling, supported high abundance of birds like the African pygmy goose (Nettapus auritus), collared sunbird (Anthreptes collaris), African jacana (Actophilornis africanus), Pied kingfisher (Ceryle
rudis), and the squacco heron (Ardeola ralloides) Figure 6).
According to Meier (2013), it has been observed in that both the Pied Kingfisher Ceryle
rudis and Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides are harassed on a regular basis by House Crows, and so it is clearly feasible that Collared Kingfishers at Kalba could suffer predation and mobbing pressure from that species.
Alcedinidae Ceyx lecontei African dwarf kingfisher Halcyon leucocephala Grey-headed kingfisher Ceryle
rudis Pied kingfisher 3.
Effects of substrate on prey use by belted kingfishers (Ceryle
alcyon): a test of the prey abundance-availability assumption.
virginana Intestine Byrd et al., 1942 Caecincola Micropterus Intestine Venard, 1940 parvulus salmoides Cathaemasia Ceryle
alcyon Intestine Harwood, reticulata 1936 Cercaria corti Helisoma Digestive Gland Byrd & trivolvis Reiber, 1940 C.
Kingfishers are present with 5 species of the two genera Ceryle
Prey were categorized into 11 relatively discrete groups (guilds) on the basis of body size and our observations of their behavior (Tables 1 and 2): 1) large wasps; 2) waterfowl (Anseriformes, Podicipediformes, and similar birds); 3) small raptors and scavengers (e.g., American kestrels Falco sparoarius and common ravens Cocoas corax); 4) shorebirds (Charadriiformes, except large Laridae); 5) waders and other large, non-anseriform waterbirds (e.g., Ciconiiformes and large Laridae); 6) belted kingfishers (Ceryle
alcyon); 7) aerially feeding white-throated swifts and Hirundinidae, especially violet-green swallows; 8) non-riverine terrestrial birds (e.g., Columbiformes and terrestrial Passeriformes); 9) unidentified birds; 10) bats; and 11) other terrestrial taxa (mammals and reptiles).
Gmelin]), kingfishers (Ceryle
alcyon [Linnaeus]), and a variety of ducks.