belted kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon
) L., green heron (Butorides virescens virescens) L., great blue heron (Ardea herodias herodias) L., American bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus).
Effects of substrate on prey use by belted kingfishers (Ceryle alcyon
): a test of the prey abundance-availability assumption.
virginana Intestine Byrd et al., 1942 Caecincola Micropterus Intestine Venard, 1940 parvulus salmoides Cathaemasia Ceryle alcyon
Intestine Harwood, reticulata 1936 Cercaria corti Helisoma Digestive Gland Byrd & trivolvis Reiber, 1940 C.
Since the completion of the study, four additional species have been documented as collision deaths on campus: Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon
), Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca), and Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus).
Prey were categorized into 11 relatively discrete groups (guilds) on the basis of body size and our observations of their behavior (Tables 1 and 2): 1) large wasps; 2) waterfowl (Anseriformes, Podicipediformes, and similar birds); 3) small raptors and scavengers (e.g., American kestrels Falco sparoarius and common ravens Cocoas corax); 4) shorebirds (Charadriiformes, except large Laridae); 5) waders and other large, non-anseriform waterbirds (e.g., Ciconiiformes and large Laridae); 6) belted kingfishers (Ceryle alcyon
); 7) aerially feeding white-throated swifts and Hirundinidae, especially violet-green swallows; 8) non-riverine terrestrial birds (e.g., Columbiformes and terrestrial Passeriformes); 9) unidentified birds; 10) bats; and 11) other terrestrial taxa (mammals and reptiles).
Gmelin]), kingfishers (Ceryle alcyon
[Linnaeus]), and a variety of ducks.
vociferus Wilson, whip-poor- I C will Chordeiles minor (Forster), I O common nighthawk Order Apodiformes (swifts and hummingbirds) Family Apodidae (swifts) Chaetura pelagica (Linnaeus), I A chimney swift Family Trochilidae (hummingbords) Archilochus colubris (Linnaeus), I C ruby-throated hummingbird Selasphorus rufus (Gmelin), I R rufous hummingbird Order Coraciiformes (todies, motmots, and kingfishers) Family Alcedinidae (kingfishers) Ceryle alcyon
(Linnaeus), belted I O kingfisher Order Piciformes (woodpeckers and allies) Family Picidae (woodpeckers) Colaptes auratus (Linnaeus), I C northern flicker Dryocopus pileatus (Linnaeus), I O pileated woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus (Linnaeus), I C red-bellied woodspecker M.