The extracts had a high total phenolic content, and the main constituents identified by HPLC were fumarprotocetraric acid in Cetraria
islandica, and usnic, pinastric and vulpinic acids in Vulpicida canadensis.
rangiferina, Rhizocarpon geographicum, Cladonia sulphurina, Cladina stellaris, Cetraria
nivalis, Alectoria ochroleuca Mosses Sphagnum riparium, S.
For example, reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) normally feed almost exclusively on lichens (Cladonia, Cetraria
, etc.) in winter.
Only the five most abundant species in each habitat are shown Prairie Forest Shoots Stipa comata 74.6 0 Bouteloua gracilis 5.4 0 Cetraria
Mycobiont-photobiont interactions of the lichen Cetraria
aculeata in high alpine regions of East Africa and South America.
Iceland moss, Cetraria
islandica has been used traditionally to treat chest conditions and for relief of stomach ulcers (Ingolfsdottir et al.
Terricolous lichens (Cladina spp., Cetraria
spp.) and shrubs (Betula nana, Empetrum nigrum, Ledum palustre, Vaccinium uliginosum, and V.
Other lichens, such as the genera Cetraria
and Stereocaulon), are less edible but they are also eaten by reindeer.
Citada previamente por Gomez-Bolea & Hladun (1981) y Gomez-Bolea (1985) como Cetraria
Determination of antioxidant activity of lichens Cetraria
islandica (L) Ach.
Bryophytes, primarily mosses (Calliergon, Drepanocladus, Polytrichum, Sphagnum) and lichens (Thamnolia, Dactylina, Cetraria
, Cladonia), are also abundant (Webber, 1978).
Foliose types are also common, such as Parmelia, Physcia, Cetraria
, and Xanthoria.