But are the assassins targeting the young and progressive Ch'ing
Emperor or his imperious aunt, the fearsome Empress Dowager Cixi?
33) See Ye Yonglie, Jiang Qing Zhuan (Biography of Jiang Qing) (Beijing: Zuojia Press, 1993); and Roxane Witke, Comrade Chiang Ch'ing
(Boston: Little Brown and Company, 1977).
Policy toward the Coolie Trade, 1847-1878 (Taipei: Chinese Materials Center, 1982); Yan Ching-hwang, Coolies and Mandarins: China's Protection of Overseas Chinese during the Late Ch'ing
Period (1851-1911) (Singapore: Singapore University Press, 1985), 87.
It was only in the Ming and Ch'ing
periods, as popular literature became more acceptable and the audience for written versions of these age-old forms grew, that jokes and humorous drama and fiction were conscientiously collected, published and preserved .
It was during the Ming and early Ch'ing
dynasties that brush pots were used by the literary.
He covers the Ch'ing
dynasty and inflation; the Beiyang government, local warlords, and inflation; three examples of inflation in the areas controlled by Japanese-backed puppet regimes, and the national government and inflation.
But as Europe entered the Enlightenment, the Chinese began the long decline culminating in the last Ch'ing
The book's strongest section is its second, in which Johnson attempts to outline the musical characterization of Richard and Pat Nixon, Henry Kissinger, Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong), Chiang Ch'ing
(Jiang Qing), and Chou En-lai (Zhou Enlai).
1800" and "The Heyday of the Ch'ing
Order in Mongolia, Sinkiang and Tibet", in Denis Twitchett and John Fairbank (Eds.
Renowned for its anti-inflammatory properties, historians maintain Cleopatra slept in a gold mask every night to keep her skin looking youthful, and the queen of the Ch'ing
dynasty used a gold massage roller on her face every day.
Some attending the Eugene Opera's memorable production of "Nixon in China" may have considered the portrayal of Mao's wife, Chiang Ch'ing
, so evil, so cruel, so vindictive that she seemed a caricature.
Working with his friend Lo Ch'ing
(who also provides a valuable introductory essay to the volume), they began to explore this serendipitous treasure.