Chagatai

(redirected from Chagatay)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

Chag·a·tai 1

 (chăg′ə-tī′)
n.
A Turkic language of late medieval Central Asia, spoken in the empire of Tamerlane and by the founders of the Mughal Empire and widely used as a literary language in Central Asia until the early 1900s.

[Ultimately from Uyghur chaghatay and earlier Uzbek chag'atāy, both from Chagatai jağatāy, after Jağatāy, Chagatai (the khan from whom many of Tamerlane's Turkic officers claimed descent).]

Chag·a·tai 2

(chăg′ə-tī′) or Jag·a·tai (jăg′-) Died 1242.
Mongol ruler who succeeded his father, Genghis Khan.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Chagatai - a Turkic literary language of medieval central Asia (named for one of the sons of Genghis Khan)Chagatai - a Turkic literary language of medieval central Asia (named for one of the sons of Genghis Khan)
Turkic, Turkic language, Turko-Tatar, Turki - a subfamily of Altaic languages
References in periodicals archive ?
A Turkic Medical Treatise From Islamic Central Asia: A Critical Edition of a Seventeenth-Century Chagatay Work by Subhan Quli Khan
Among the merits of the book is reliance on a wide range of sources, in at least five languages; Anooshahr appears to know Arabic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Chagatay.
At the top the ruling elite consisted of two intertwined groups: the Timurid dynastic princes and the seventy to one hundred Chagatay commanders (emirs) of the standing army, descended from those chosen by Timur early in his career.