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Chag·a·tai 1

A Turkic language of late medieval Central Asia, spoken in the empire of Tamerlane and by the founders of the Mughal Empire and widely used as a literary language in Central Asia until the early 1900s.

[Ultimately from Uyghur chaghatay and earlier Uzbek chag'atāy, both from Chagatai jağatāy, after Jağatāy, Chagatai (the khan from whom many of Tamerlane's Turkic officers claimed descent).]

Chag·a·tai 2

(chăg′ə-tī′) or Jag·a·tai (jăg′-) Died 1242.
Mongol ruler who succeeded his father, Genghis Khan.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Chagatai - a Turkic literary language of medieval central Asia (named for one of the sons of Genghis Khan)Chagatai - a Turkic literary language of medieval central Asia (named for one of the sons of Genghis Khan)
Turkic, Turkic language, Turko-Tatar, Turki - a subfamily of Altaic languages
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References in periodicals archive ?
A Turkic Medical Treatise From Islamic Central Asia: A Critical Edition of a Seventeenth-Century Chagatay Work by Subhan Quli Khan
Among the merits of the book is reliance on a wide range of sources, in at least five languages; Anooshahr appears to know Arabic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Chagatay. Instructors in Islamic and Central Asian history may find the book a useful source as Anooshahr translates extended passages from a number of texts.
At the top the ruling elite consisted of two intertwined groups: the Timurid dynastic princes and the seventy to one hundred Chagatay commanders (emirs) of the standing army, descended from those chosen by Timur early in his career.
The few who were not used either the Cyrillic script for Russian or the Arabic script for their mother tongues such as Chagatay, the Turkic literary language, and its later variants.