Also found in: Encyclopedia.


 (kăl-sĭd′ĭ-sē) also Chal·ki·di·kí (häl-kē′thē-kē′, KHäl-)
A mountainous peninsula of northeast Greece projecting into the northern Aegean Sea with three fingerlike extensions.

Chal·cid′i·an adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in classic literature ?
And there is nothing in the context to show that Hesiod's Amphidamas is to be identified with that Amphidamas whom Plutarch alone connects with the Lelantine War: the name may have been borne by an earlier Chalcidian, an ancestor, perhaps, of the person to whom Plutarch refers.
There is also a difference between the nobles in their wealth, and the dignity in which they live: for instance, in the number of horses they breed; for this cannot be supported without a large fortune: for which reason, in former times, those cities whose strength consisted in horse became by that means oligarchies; and they used horse in their expeditions against the neighbouring cities; as the Eretrians the Chalcidians, the Magnetians, who lived near the river Meander, and many others in Asia.
In his seminal work the 'Great Sea', Abulafia (2011: 92-93) suggested that the Etruscans adopted their alphabet from Chalcidian Greeks settled at Pithekoussai, thus explaining why the letter forms of the Latin alphabet (derived from the Etruscan) are different from the Greek letter-phonemes combinations, as known from the Attic alphabet that subsequently became dominant in the Greek world.
"ART of WAR" features a variety of Greek helmet types including the austere Illyrian, elegant Chalcidian and iconic Corinthian types.
(31) The Chorus of Chalcidian women in Iphigenia in Aulis are also powerfully represented as spectators; they have come to Aulis to see the Greek army and give a long description of it in their parodos.
He covers Sparta's overseas battles and the Corinthian War 400-387; Chalcidian, Boeotian, and Spartan wars around the Mediterranean Sea 386-360; the rise of Macedonia and the conquest of Greece and sacred, Persian, and Sicilian wars 359-336; battles in the era of Alexander the Great 335-324; and battles of his successors 323-301.
Presiding over the sleek, high-tech meeting room are a 5th-century BC bronze Chalcidian helmet and a marble lid fragment, carved in high relief to depict a lion savaging a bull, from a 2nd-century AD Roman sarcophagus.
He cites (64--65) the case of several Chalcidian cities that were to return to the assessment of Aristeides as a result of the Peace of Nikias, presumably because it was acceptable.