Challenge to the favor

the alleging a special cause, the sufficiency of which is to be left to those whose duty and office it is to decide upon it.
(Law) the challenge of a juror on grounds not sufficient to constitute a principal challenge, but sufficient to give rise to a probable suspicion of favor or bias, such as acquaintance, business relation, etc. See Principal challenge, under Challenge.

See also: Challenge, favor

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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People,(34) a challenge for principal cause was adjudicated by the court, while a challenge to the favor was commonly made before triers of fact appointed by the trial judge.(35) The testimony given before the triers of a challenge to the favor was off the record, and their ruling was final and not subject to appeal.(36) This rule applied even if a challenge to the favor were tried by the court on consent of the parties, as was periodically done during the nineteenth century.(37)
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