charge carrier

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charge carrier

n
(General Physics) an electron, hole, or ion that transports the electric charge in an electric current
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Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites have been used in optoelectronic devices including solar cells, photodetectors, light-emitting diodes and lasers, but the surface of hybrid perovskites is prone to surface defects, where charge carriers are trapped in the semiconducting material.
Most commercial solar cells are formed of two layers creating at their boundary a junction between two kinds of semiconductors, p-type with positive charge carriers (electron vacancies) and n-type with negative charge carriers (electrons).
Until now, it was assumed that charge carriers were spatially separated in this process and then stripped off so that an electric current could flow.
David Tait, the executive chairman of Flair Airlines (F8, Kelowna), has said that there should be a limit to how much Canada's airports can charge carriers in Airport Improvement Fees (AIFs), as they push up fares and encourage passengers to fly from cheaper airports over the border in the United States.
Among various solvents used, DMSO improved the conductivity the most ([sigma] ~ 80 S [cm.sup.-1]) because of its higher dielectric constant leading to a stronger screening effect between charge carriers and counterions [2].
When charge carriers move from metal to semiconductor and back, depending on thermodynamic work functions ratio, different types of contacts can be realized: neutral, ohmic, nonohmic (Schottky barrier).
When the external voltage is supplied, charge carriers are generated in the CGL, which are then injected into the neighboring emitting unit via the transport layers, where they combine with the opposite charges injected by the electrodes to generate light.
Plateau values of the AC conductivity at low frequency (Figure 4) were used to obtain the [[sigma].sub.dc] values, which accounted for the long-range hopping of the charge carriers of the NH groups [36,37].
One of the factors that limit the performance of the OSCs is the relatively lower charge carrier mobility of the organic materials, which results in trapping of the photogenerated charge carriers from the junction to the electrodes [9, 10].
Investigations of wide-gap semiconductors take into account how the rate of removal of mobile charge carriers depends on the temperature.
Charge carriers from the hot end move through the material to the cold end, generating an electrical voltage.
To observe characteristics in the material due to charge carriers that can recombine at room temperature, it was performed after the irradiation, the measurement of the emission of light, called AFTERGLOW (AG), this emission of light is obtained by the photomultiplier tube at room temperature for 5 minutes).