In Nathaniel Hawthorne and His Wife, Julian Hawthorne includes letters that Sophia Hawthorne and her mother, Elizabeth Peabody, wrote each other in the spring of 1845 concerning a subject "often discussed in the book- room": Charles Fourier
's Utopian social theory (268).
based on the ideas of the socialist Charles Fourier
. (9) Taking up the
Lause argues that the American followers of the mystic Utopian socialist Charles Fourier
were almost all spiritualists.
(4) SAMOVAR, Telecom SudParis, CNRS, University Paris-Saclay, 9 rue Charles Fourier
, 91011 Evry, France
The many communities inspired by the theories of French socialist Charles Fourier
perhaps mark the high point of utopian imagination in the US.
I quote this, as the French philosopher Charles Fourier
(1772-1837) and his proposal for an ideal community, the Phalanx, was the inspiration for one of the most impressive and intelligent attempts to build Utopia --one which, on the whole, functioned for a century and which still stands today, although no longer housing an industrial community as its founder intended.
Jennings centers his sweeping tale around the giants of the time: Ann Lee and the Shakers, Robert Owen and New Harmony, Charles Fourier
and the Fourierist Phalanxes, Etienne Cabet and Icaria, and John Humphrey Noyes and the Oneida Community.
Think of Charles Fourier
's utopian phalanxes, Frank Lloyd Wright's proposed Broadacre City, Soviet collectives, or the innumerable 19th and 20th century "garden cities" strewn around the American and European landscapes.
Influence studies document Hardy's magpie gatherings of ideas, with some strands standing out: his agnosticism, his Darwinism, and his early interest in the systems of Charles Fourier
and Comte's Positivism.
The word feminism was coined by Charles Fourier
back in 1837 and the first wave of feminist movement took stage in the nineteenth century.