receptor

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re·cep·tor

 (rĭ-sĕp′tər)
n.
1. Physiology A specialized cell or group of nerve endings that responds to sensory stimuli.
2. Biochemistry A molecular structure or site on the surface or interior of a cell that binds with substances such as hormones, antigens, or neurotransmitters or is activated by events such as a change in the concentration of an ion.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

receptor

(rɪˈsɛptə)
n
1. (Physiology) physiol a sensory nerve ending that changes specific stimuli into nerve impulses
2. any of various devices that receive information, signals, etc
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

re•cep•tor

(rɪˈsɛp tər)

n.
1. a protein molecule, usu. on the surface of a cell, that is capable of binding to a complementary molecule, as a hormone, antibody, or antigen.
2. a sensory nerve ending or sense organ that is sensitive to stimuli.
[1900–05]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

re·cep·tor

(rĭ-sĕp′tər)
1. A nerve ending specialized to sense or receive stimuli. Skin receptors respond to stimuli such as touch and pressure and signal the brain by activating portions of the nervous system. Receptors in the nose detect odors.
2. A cell structure or site that is capable of combining with a hormone, antigen, or other chemical substance.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.receptor - a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological responsereceptor - a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response
anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure - a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing; "he has good bone structure"
alpha receptor, alpha-adrenergic receptor, alpha-adrenoceptor - receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasoconstriction and relaxation of intestinal muscles and contraction of smooth muscles)
beta receptor, beta-adrenergic receptor, beta-adrenoceptor - receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasodilation and increased heart beat)
2.receptor - an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulationreceptor - an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
lateral line, lateral line organ - sense organs of fish and amphibians; believed to detect pressure changes in the water
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
enteroceptor, interoceptor - any receptor that responds to stimuli inside the body
exteroceptor - any receptor that responds to stimuli outside the body
pineal eye, third eye - a sensory structure capable of light reception located on the dorsal side of the diencephalon in various reptiles
baroreceptor - a sensory receptor that responds to pressure
chemoreceptor - a sensory receptor that responds to chemical stimuli
thermoreceptor - a sensory receptor that responds to heat and cold
eye, oculus, optic - the organ of sight
ear - the sense organ for hearing and equilibrium
organ of hearing - the part of the ear that is responsible for sensations of sound
inner ear, internal ear, labyrinth - a complex system of interconnecting cavities; concerned with hearing and equilibrium
semicircular canal - one of three tube loops filled with fluid and in planes nearly at right angles with one another; concerned with equilibrium
stretch receptor - a receptor in a muscle that responds to stretching of the muscle tissue
papilla - a small nipple-shaped protuberance concerned with taste, touch, or smell; "the papillae of the tongue"
sensory system - the body's system of sense organs
effector - an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

receptor

[rɪˈseptəʳ] N (Physiol, Rad) → receptor m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

receptor

[rɪˈsɛptər] n (ANATOMY)récepteur m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

receptor

n
(= nerve)Reizempfänger m, → Rezeptor m
(Rad) → Empfänger m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

receptor

[rɪˈsɛptəʳ] nrecettore m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

re·cep·tor

n. receptor, terminación nerviosa que recibe un estímulo y lo transmite a otros nervios;
auditory ______ auditivo;
contact ______ de contacto;
mechanoreceptormecanoreceptor;
chemoreceptorquimoreceptor;
proprioceptive ______ propioceptivo;
sensory ______ sensorial;
taste ______ gustativo;
temperature ______ de temperatura.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

receptor

n receptor m; estrogen receptor-positive positivo para receptores de estrógeno
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Company's other late stage drug candidate is CCX140, an inhibitor of the chemokine receptor known as CCR2, which is currently being developed for patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), a debilitating kidney disease.
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 8, 2019-: C-X-C Chemokine Receptor Type 2 Pipeline Review, H1 2019
The company's lead oncology pipeline asset FLX475 is in the clinical stage of development, while its lead inflammation drug candidate RPT193 is due to enter the clinic in the second half of 2019, with each of these targeting C-C motif chemokine receptor 4.
It functions as a high-affinity best-in-class antagonist for CXCR4, a chemokine receptor that is directly involved in tumour progression, angiogenesis, metastasis and cell survival.
LOW-DOSE TREATMENT with plerixafor, a CXC chemokine receptor 4 antagonist, was well tolerated and markedly improved severe presentations of warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections, and myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome in three patients who could not receive granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) therapy.
ChemoCentryx announced presentations of its lead drug candidates avacopan, a complement 5a receptor inhibitor, and CCX140, an inhibitor of the chemokine receptor known as CCR2, during the American Society of Nephrology, ASN, Kidney Week 2018, the world's premier nephrology meeting, being held October 23-28 in San Diego.
Frequency of the HIV-protective CC chemokine receptor 5-Delta32/Delta32 genotype is increased in hepatitis C.
HSCs are capable of expressing different chemokine receptors; such as CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR) 3; C-C chemokine receptor (CCR) 5; CCR7; and ligands, including chemokine ligand (CCL) 2, CCL3, CCL5, CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL) 1, CXCL8, CXCL9, and CXCL10.
Hirakawa, "Association between expression of vascular endothelial growth factor C, chemokine receptor CXCR4 and lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer," Oncology, vol.
Despite having only ~30% sequence homology to one another, each was identified based on its ability to bind the chemokine receptor, CCR3.
The CC chemokine receptor CCR3 is expressed on eosinophils [57], macrophages [58], and T cells [59] and binds the chemokines CCL5, CCL7, CCL11, CCL13, CCL24, and CCL24, all of which are expressed by IECs.