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n.1.A term sometimes applied to the decomposition of organic substance into more simple bodies, by the use of chemical agents alone.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in periodicals archive ?
Percutaneous access has been indicated in procedures like Nephrostomy catheter drainage, Antegrade ureteral stenting, Treatment of ureteral strictures, Percutaneous endopyelotomy, Percutaneous endopyeloplasty, Percutaneous nephrolithotomy, Miniature percutaneous nephrolithotomy (Mini-Perc), Tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy, Perfusion chemolysis to dissolve and clear certain renal stones and Endoscopic resection and treatment of upper urinary tract urothelial tumors.
(2) Percutaneous chemolysis has also demonstrated good outcomes with low complication and high stone-free rates.
The cited reasons for placement of a nephrostomy tube include aiding haemostasis, decreasing urinary leakage, promoting healing, providing reliable drainage and providing access for further endoscopic procedure or chemolysis.3,10 Pain around the nephrostomy tube is one of the major patient concerns following a standard PCNL.
Chemolysis (dissolution) of existing stones may be possible with uric acid and some cystine stones.
For stents with a high stone burden, the use of a combination of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy, extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, electrohydraulic lithotripsy, laser lithotripsy and percutaneous chemolysis may be necessary, with clearance rates of up to 100% being achieved.
Papers will demonstrate the use of recycled materials in coatings and flexible foam applications from a variety of recycle methods, including mechanical pulverization and chemolysis.