chemotherapy

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Related to Chemotherapeutics: antitumor, chemotherapist

che·mo·ther·a·py

 (kē′mō-thĕr′ə-pē, kĕm′ō-)
n.
1. The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively destructive to malignant cells and tissues.
2. The treatment of disease using chemical agents or drugs that are selectively toxic to the causative agent of the disease, such as a virus, bacterium, or other microorganism.

che′mo·ther′a·peu′tic (-pyo͞o′tĭk) adj.
che′mo·ther′a·peu′ti·cal·ly adv.
che′mo·ther′a·pist n.

chemotherapy

(ˌkiːməʊˈθɛrəpɪ; kiːmə-)
n
(Medicine) treatment of disease, esp cancer, by means of chemical agents. Compare radiotherapy
ˌchemoˈtherapist n

che•mo•ther•a•py

(ˌki moʊˈθɛr ə pi, ˌkɛm oʊ-)

n.
the treatment of disease by means of chemicals that have a specific toxic effect upon the disease-producing microorganisms or that selectively destroy cancerous tissue.
[1905–10]
che`mo•ther`a•peu′tic (-ˈpyu tɪk) adj.
che`mo•ther′a•pist, n.

che·mo·ther·a·py

(kē′mō-thĕr′ə-pē)
The treatment of disease, especially cancer, with chemicals that have a specific poisonous effect on the cancerous or disease-causing cells.

chemotherapy

Med. the treatment of disease by the use of chemicals that have a toxic effect on the microorganisms causing the disease or that selectively destroy tumor tissues. — chemotherapist, n. — chemotherapeutic, adj.
See also: Remedies
a procedure that uses radioisotopes of various elements, as iodine, phosphorus, and gold, to treat cancers of the thyroid gland, lungs, and other organs.
See also: Cancer

chemotherapy

Treatment of disease, especially cancer, and infection using drugs or chemical agents.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chemotherapy - the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness)
therapy - (medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.); "the quarterback is undergoing treatment for a knee injury"; "he tried every treatment the doctors suggested"; "heat therapy gave the best relief"
chrysotherapy - the use of chemicals containing gold for treating diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis)
Translations
chemoterapie
kemoterapia
kemoterápia

chemotherapy

[ˈkiːməʊˈθerəpɪ] Nquimioterapia f

chemotherapy

[ˌkiːməʊˈθɛrəpi] nchimiothérapie f

chemotherapy

chemotherapy

[ˌkiːməʊˈθɛrəpɪ] n (Med) → chemioterapia

che·mo·ther·a·py

n. quimioterapia, tratamiento de una enfermedad por medio de agentes químicos.

chemotherapy

n (pl -pies) quimioterapia; adjuvant — quimioterapia adyuvante; consolidation — quimioterapia de consolidación; high-dose — quimioterapia a dosis altas; induction — quimioterapia de inducción; neoadjuvant — quimioterapia neoadyuvante
References in periodicals archive ?
This mechanism provides a significant opportunity to potentially increase efficacy and reduce the off-target impact and associated side effects of many chemotherapeutics.
The practice of extensive usage of antibiotics and chemotherapeutics specially in the animal production industry has rendered to the ineffective drugs(antibiotic resistance) and also leading to contaminants in food and environment, increasing the risks for allergies and other residual pathogens in aquatic environments.
In conjunction, Accurexa is developing its ACX-31 programme for the local delivery of temozolomide as adjunctive therapy to BCNU, both chemotherapeutics, to brain tumor sites.
NanoHybrids proposes to shift the paradigm of hydrophobic chemotherapeutics delivery.
The objective of the CLR CTX program is to develop PDC chemotherapeutics through conjugation of a delivery vehicle and multiple non-targeted anti-cancer agents to improve therapeutic indices and expand potential indications through the targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic payloads.
The first seven chapters discuss medicinal chemistry, covering the topics of organometallic enzyme inhibitors, organometallic steroid analogs, chirality in chemotherapeutics, gold complexes, the antimalarial ferroquine, metal carbonyls as prodrugs, and the electronics of nitrosyl and thiol iron complexes.
The researchers discovered that several chemotherapeutics that stop fast growing tumors have the opposite effect on stem cells in the same animal, causing them to divide too rapidly.
Larger cancers also may have relatively poor blood supply and more pronounced gradients in interstitial pressure, hypoxia, and acidity, which may influence tumor cell sensitivity to chemotherapeutics and radiation treatments.
This novel discovery, reported for the first time, addresses one of the major challenges in the treatment of leukemia where the cancer cells develop ways to pump drugs out of the body before they can do their job, particularly after they are exposed to chemotherapeutics.
In the recent years many studies on anthocyanins have revealed their strong antioxidant activity and their possible use as chemotherapeutics.
For this reason, an important trend in the development of new chemotherapeutics is to "arm" the antibodies, for example by coupling them to a cytotoxic drug, in order to increase their efficacy.
For biochemists, biophysicists, and those working with antibiotics and cancer chemotherapeutics, Ecker (medicinal chemistry, U.