is deputy foreign editor at Kommersant Publishing House in Moscow.
Ukrainian citizens, members of the 'Federation National Dance League' (FNDL) of Ukraine, Gennadiy Khavkin and two other members of the Federation, Igor Yaremenko and Timofei Chernenko
addressed an official letter to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, asking not to be included to the 'List of Foreign citizens illegally visited the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan'.
His successor, Konstamtin Chernenko
, is already gravely ill when he takes office, and, a year later, he dies too.
succeeded Yuri Andropov as Soviet leader 4.
The editors report how Brezhnev's file with the number 80--then in the Archive of the Politburo, from 1992 onward in the Presidential Archive, and since 2009-10 in the Russian State Archive for Contemporary History (RGANI)--was begun in 1975 at the initiative of Konstantin Chernenko
as a gift to Brezhnev on the occasion of his upcoming 70th birthday (1976).
1985: Russian leader Konstantin Chernenko
was buried in Red Square as Mikhail Gorbachev became the youngest member of the ruling Politburo at 54.
Perhaps the most farcical instance of this phenomenon was witnessed in the Soviet Union in the first half of the 1980s, when Leonid Brezhnev, barely alive in the final phase of his leadership, was succeeded by an ailing Yuri Andropov, who lasted about 15 months, whereupon Konstantin Chernenko
was virtually dragged out of his deathbed and propped up in the red chair.
Here are a fistful more, including those relating to Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev who succeeded Konstantin Chernenko
and is famously associated with the 'glasnost' and 'perestroika' reforms that, arch critics charge, brought the Soviet Empire tumbling down.
Time was, long, long ago, when General Zia-ulHaq and foreign minister Yaqoob Khan visited the Kremlin for Konstantin Chernenko
's funeral, in 1985.
Time was, long, long ago, when General Zia-ul-Haq and foreign minister Yaqoob Khan visited the Kremlin for Konstantin Chernenko
's funeral, in 1985.
During his time as general-secretary -- following short tenures by Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko
, who appeared at no summits -- Mikhail Gorbachev held a dozen meetings with U.S.