The Crows were in pursuit of a band of Cheyennes, who had attacked their village in the night and killed one of their people.
They came in vaunting and vainglorious style; displaying five Cheyenne scalps, the trophies of their vengeance.
The next day arrived a deputation of braves from the Cheyenne
or Shienne nation; a broken tribe, cut up, like the Arickaras, by wars with the Sioux, and driven to take refuge among the Black Hills, near the sources of the Cheyenne
River, from which they derive their name.
Lay a row of moccasins before me - Pawnee, Sioux, Shoshone, Cheyenne
, Blackfoot, and as many other tribes as you please - and I can name the tribe every moccasin belongs to by the make of it.
Nonetheless, the book provides a new historical perspective of the Northern Cheyennes
from a new genre of history that examines the "memory" of historical events from both non-Indian and Indian perspectives.
Both Christians and Cheyennes
have given me wonderful community, which I value very highly.
Carefully presenting the position of the peaceful Southern Cheyenne
leader Black Kettle and the young war-minded "Dog Soldier" Cheyennes
whom Black Kettle could not control, Greene extensively researched government and contemporary publications for his account of the end of the Cheyenne
way of life.
One would be hard pressed to imagine a group more different from the Cheyennes
that captured the American public's imagination in the dimestore novels and cowboy flicks of the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s.
Father Peter Powell, a noted authority on Cheyenne
material culture, and author of the important two volume book set chronicling life among the Cheyenne
people from 1830 to 1974 entitled People of the Sacred Mountain, noted that in regards to moccasin paint, "Among the Cheyennes
also, the undecorated areas of partially quilled or beaded moccasins often were (and still are) painted one or more sacred colors, especially the holy red or yellow" .
After awhile General Miles heard from Washington that, now he and the Cheyennes
were friends, he could put them wherever they wanted to go.
In 1890 he began a relationship with the Cheyenne
people--a long, friendly and fruitful relationship which resulted in an extensive two volume ethnography of Cheyenne
Indians, Their History and Ways of Life; a fascinating collection of Cheyenne
Campfires, and the volume under consideration here--The Fighting Cheyennes
, a history of Cheyenne
warfare in the 19th century.
In Part I, I introduced the Southern Cheyenne
style of this moccasin, and explored the historical context explaining how the Cheyenne
split into separate bands around 1830, with the southern bands migrating onto the Southern Plains.