Chian turpentine

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(ˈtɛr ə bɪnθ)

a Mediterranean tree, Pistacia terebinthus, of the cashew family, yielding an oleoresin (Chian turpentine).
[1350–1400; Middle English therebinte < Middle French < Latin terebinthus < Greek terébinthos]
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Noun1.Chian turpentine - a turpentine exuded by the terebinth
gum terpentine, turpentine - obtained from conifers (especially pines)