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 (jŭ-stĭsh′ē-ĕr′ē) also jus·ti·ci·ar (-ē-ər)
n. pl. jus·ti·ci·ar·ies also jus·ti·ci·ars
A high judicial officer in medieval England.

[Medieval Latin iūstitiāria, from feminine of iūstitiārius, of the administration of justice, from Latin iūstitia, justice; see justice.]


(Law) English legal history the chief political and legal officer from the time of William I to that of Henry III, who deputized for the king in his absence and presided over the kings' courts. Also called: justiciary
jusˈticiarˌship n


(dʒʌˈstɪʃ i ər)

1. a high judicial officer in medieval England.
2. the chief political and judicial officer in England from the reign of William I to that of Henry III.
[1475–85; < Medieval Latin jūsticiārius justiciary]
jus•ti′ci•ar•ship`, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.justiciar - formerly a high judicial officer
Britain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
judge, jurist, justice - a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice
References in periodicals archive ?
"It is as a direct result of the Residential Research Library project which draws on resources from the three major collections, and I am delighted that Dr Pohl's visit here has increased the breadth of knowledge relating to the Ushaw College Library" In addition to the Archbishop of York, the Chief Justiciar of England and the Sheriff of Yorkshire and Northumberland listed in the charter roll, the original charter also names the Constable of Chester, the Sheriff of Berkshire, Cornwall and Devon, the Royal Justice and Baron of the Exchequer, the Lord of Kendal, one Germanus Tison and even the bishop's own son, Henry, as witnesses.
John Hudson's study suggests that the infamous clause 3 of the Constitutions of Clarendon (1164), dealing with criminous clerks, not only formed a platform for dispute between the King and his famous archbishop, Thomas Becket, but was also a central part of Henry II's legal reforms that sought to channel legal business into the King's court, via the chief justiciar. This subtlety is missing from Brand's account.

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