hydrocarbon

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Related to Chlorinated hydrocarbon: Chlorocarbons

hy·dro·car·bon

 (hī′drə-kär′bən)
n.
Any of numerous organic compounds, such as benzene and methane, that contain only carbon and hydrogen.

hy′dro·car′bo·na′ceous (-bə-nā′shəs), hy′dro·car·bon′ic (-bŏn′ĭk), hy′dro·car′bon·ous (-bə-nəs) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

hydrocarbon

(ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːbən)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen, such as the alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, terpenes, and arenes
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

hy•dro•car•bon

(ˌhaɪ drəˈkɑr bən, ˈhaɪ drəˌkɑr-)

n.
any of a class of aliphatic, cyclic, or aromatic compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane or benzene.
[1820–30]
hy`dro•car`bo•na′ceous, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

hy·dro·car·bon

(hī′drə-kär′bən)
Any of numerous organic compounds, such as benzene, that contain only carbon and hydrogen.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
chlorobenzene - a colorless volatile flammable liquid with an almond odor that is made from chlorine and benzene; used as a solvent and in the production of phenol and DDT and other organic compounds
aromatic compound - a hydrocarbon containing one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of compounds
gasohol - a gasoline substitute consisting of 90% gasoline and 10% grain alcohol from corn
gasolene, gasoline, petrol, gas - a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal-combustion engines
coal oil, kerosene, kerosine, lamp oil - a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
aromatic hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of organic compounds
indene - a colorless liquid hydrocarbon extracted from petroleum or coal tar and used in making synthetic resins
cymene - any of three isotopes of a colorless aromatic liquid hydrocarbon occurring in the volatile oil of cumin and thyme and used in the manufacture of synthetic resins
dioxin - any of several toxic or carcinogenic hydrocarbons that occur as impurities in herbicides
C2H6, ethane - a colorless odorless alkane gas used as fuel
bottled gas, liquefied petroleum gas - hydrocarbon gases, usually propane or butane, kept under pressure
bitumen - any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
butadiene - a gaseous hydrocarbon C4H6; used in making synthetic rubbers
naphtha - any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
naphthalene - a white crystalline strong-smelling hydrocarbon made from coal tar or petroleum and used in organic synthesis and as a fumigant in mothballs
pyrene - a pale yellow crystalline hydrocarbon C16H10 extracted from coal tar
octane - any isomeric saturated hydrocarbon found in petroleum and used as a fuel and solvent
gas oil - an oil formed through distillation of petroleum of intermediate boiling range and viscosity
terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
provitamin - vitamin precursor; a substance that is converted into a vitamin in animal tissues
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

hydrocarbon

noun

Hydrocarbons

alkane, alkene, alkyne, arene, cetane, cubane, cycloalkane, cyclopentadiene, cyclopropane, diene, decane, indene, isooctane, naphthalene, octane, pentane, pyrene, retene, stilbene, triptane, xylene
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
hiilivety
kolvatnsefnikolvetnivetniskol
炭化水素
ogļūdeņradis
hydrokarbon
węglowodór
kolväte

hydrocarbon

[ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːbən] Nhidrocarburo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

hydrocarbon

[ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːrbən] nhydrocarbure mhydrochloric acid [ˌhaɪdrəklɒrɪkˈæsɪd] nacide m chlorhydrique
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

hydrocarbon

[ˈhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːbən] nidrocarburo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

hydrocarbon

n hidrocarburo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It has the highest solvent power of any chlorinated hydrocarbon. It is no longer used much due to concerns about its toxicity.
Additionally, three groups of solvents were created, which include the following: aromatic hydrocarbon solvents (ARHC, combining exposure to benzene and toluene), chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents (CHC, combining exposure to trichloroethanes, trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene, and methylene chloride), and "any solvent" exposure, combining exposure to the six individual solvents.
1,2,3--TCP is a manmade, colorless, chlorinated hydrocarbon that was found in soil fumigants commonly used in California prior to the 1990s.
Farmers in Pakistan use insecticides to reduce armyworm attack but the use of insecticides increases the cost/benefit ratio and adsorption of chlorinated hydrocarbons in adipose tissues of animals provide a source of chlorinated hydrocarbon transfer through the food chain which may negatively affect animals and humans (Peakall, 1996; Blus et al., 1996).
In certain embodiments, the at least one halogenated hydrocarbon wax is a chlorinated hydrocarbon or a fluorinated hydrocarbon wax.
With ASE, normally immiscible hexane and methanol injected into extraction cells separately were able to nearly duplicate extractions of chloroform and methanol, providing an option for replacing chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents.
Chemical analysis of the products revealed that the highest concentration of chlorinated hydrocarbon was detected in Street's Picrin, which was confirmed to contain almost 100% TCE.
The pattern of chlorinated hydrocarbon contamination of Pacific sanddab in the Southern California Bight, which demonstrates high levels only around the Palos Verdes Whites Point Outfall (a significant source of contamination), implies that these fish do not make large-scale movements (Schiff and Allen 2000).
The plating temperatures of the HCFC solvents increased with decreasing chlorine content and were consistently higher than those of the chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents with similar chlorine contents.
Depending on field site characteristics, it may be a preferred remediation option for petroleum and chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminated aquifers because it is non-intrusive and less costly than more engineered approaches.
The Paroil X-10 Series of liquid chlorinated hydrocarbon products, which serve as resin and plasticizer extenders, can cut total raw materials costs for flexible PVC and rubber compounds by 3% to 10%, depending on the X-l0 product used and on the plasticizer system, says the manufacturer, Dover Chemical Corp.
Persistent chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants, mercury (Hg), and selenium (Se) were examined in herring gull (Larus argentatus) eggs and livers collected from various locations on Great Slave Lake in 1995.