Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Choctaws: Choctaw Nation


n. pl. Choctaw or Choc·taws
1. A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting central and southern Mississippi and southwest Alabama. Present-day populations exist in Oklahoma, to which many of the Choctaw were removed in the 1830s, as well as in their former homelands.
2. The Muskogean language of the Choctaw.

[Choctaw Chahta.]
References in classic literature ?
The remnants of the Mohicans, and the Delawares, of the Creeks, Choctaws, and Cherokees, are destined to fulfil their time on these vast plains.
There were but twenty thousand of the Choctaws left, he said, and their number was decreasing every day.
There chanced to be on board this boat, in addition to the usual dreary crowd of passengers, one Pitchlynn, a chief of the Choctaw tribe of Indians, who SENT IN HIS CARD to me, and with whom I had the pleasure of a long conversation.
I spoke in the purest German, but I might as well have spoken in the purest Choctaw for all the good it did.
Adee, one of the first agents; "for no matter how plainly a man talked into his telephone, his language was apt to sound like Choctaw at the other end of the line.
The Choctaws in 1847 collected $170 and sent the money to Dublin.
The program also assists Choctaws who live outside southeastern Oklahoma.
As Indians became increasingly engaged in the market economy, ideas about race increasingly hardened so that by the nineteenth century the Choctaws and Chickasaws shared the same presumptions of servitude as whites, namely that black skin denoted slave status, a status that precluded citizenship in all three nations.
Long before the exemplary statesmanship of modern day Mississippi Choctaws (such as Phillip Martin, Emmett York, and Joe Chitto) there was one Wesley Johnson.
Constructed under the orders of the Sieur de Bienville in 1736, the fort was a key stronghold against English incursion into French Louisiana, while also serving as a major trading and diplomatic post with the Choctaws.
He closes with the story of the Choctaw donation to the famine-stricken people of Ireland, while the Choctaws were being driven from their lands in Mississippi.
Both states are home to federally-recognized Choctaw tribal peoples (the Mississippi Band of Choctaws and the Jena Band of Choctaws) (3) with historic and contemporary ties to Gulf Coast lands.