chokeberry

(redirected from Chokeberries)

choke·ber·ry

 (chōk′bĕr′ē)
n.
1. Any of various deciduous shrubs of the genus Aronia in the rose family, native to eastern North America and having clusters of white or pinkish flowers and small red or black applelike fruit. Chokeberries are sometimes classified in the genus Photinia.
2. The fruit of any of these plants.

[From its bitter fruit.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

chokeberry

(ˈtʃəʊkbərɪ; -brɪ)
n, pl -ries
1. (Plants) any of various North American rosaceous shrubs of the genus Aronia
2. (Plants) the red or purple bitter fruit of any of these shrubs
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

choke•ber•ry

(ˈtʃoʊkˌbɛr i, -bə ri)

n., pl. -ries.
1. any of several North American shrubs belonging to the genus Aronia, of the rose family.
2. their red, purple, or black berry.
[1770–80, Amer.]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Unusual plants Diamond advocates are low-scape chokeberries, which only grow about 2 feet high and have dainty white flowers in the spring; black berries in the summer with nice color in the fall; as well as Royal Raindrops Crabapple trees, which blossom each spring, feature small red berries and purple leaves in the summer, and turn either orange or burgundy in the autumn.
Berries such as blackberries, blueberries, elderberries, cranberries, chokeberries and bilberries are also counted as purple foods.
If you're looking for a hedge plant that will thrive in boggy conditions, check out the purple-fruited choke-berry (Aronia x prunifolia), a cross between the black and red chokeberries. It's an ideal choice for privacy hedges situated near ponds or streams, though it will tolerate a range of soil types.
"The best-selling items here are Everytime Royal and the Good Base Red Ginseng and Aronia, a mixture of chokeberries and red ginseng," a salesclerk at the store said.
The Aronia melanocarpa shrub produces small chokeberries that are encased in a skin that is dark purple to black in hue.
These ACNs were present in a reference extracts of chokeberry and have been found in chokeberries by different authors [30].
A similar observation was made for VMD beetroots [25] and chokeberries [33] dehydrated in chokeberry juice.
Fractions from anthocyanin-rich sources (blueberries, chokeberries, elderberries), purified and characterized by powerful analytical techniques, were tested in various cell culture models using normal or tumor cell lines.
Chokeberries with high resistance to frost and mechanized harvesting are widely used in processed and derived products including juices, wines, jellies, and tea [13, 14].
They consumed 500 ml/d of one of either (1) a commercially available polyphenol-rich juice based on red grapes, cherries, chokeberries and bilberries; (2) a juice similar to (1) but enriched with polyphenol-rich extracts from blackcurrant press-residue or (3) a placebo juice (polyphenol contents 245-5, 305-2 and 76 mg/100 g respectively).