toxin

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Related to Cholera toxin: Vibrio cholerae

tox·in

 (tŏk′sĭn)
n.
1. A poisonous substance, especially a protein, that is produced by living cells or organisms and is capable of causing disease when introduced into the body tissues but is often also capable of inducing neutralizing antibodies or antitoxins.
2. A poisonous or harmful nonbiological substance, such as a pollutant.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

toxin

(ˈtɒksɪn)
n
1. (Pathology) any of various poisonous substances produced by microorganisms that stimulate the production of neutralizing substances (antitoxins) in the body. See also endotoxin, exotoxin
2. (Biology) any other poisonous substance of plant or animal origin
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tox•in

(ˈtɒk sɪn)

n.
any poison produced by an organism, including the bacterial toxins that are the causative agents of tetanus, diphtheria, etc., and such plant and animal toxins as ricin and snake venom.
[1885–90; tox (ic) + -in1]
syn: See poison.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

tox·in

(tŏk′sĭn)
A poisonous substance produced by a living organism. Toxins can be products of ordinary metabolism (such as lactic acid), can be produced to kill or immobilize prey (such as the toxins in snake venom), or can be produced for self-defense (such as the cyanide produced by several plants). Toxins produced by bacteria cause disease.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

toxin

Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. US Department of Defense 2005.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal speciestoxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
ricin, ricin toxin - a toxic protein extracted from castor beans; used as a chemical reagent; can be used as a bioweapon; "one milligram of ricin can kill an adult"
poison, poisonous substance, toxicant - any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism
animal toxin, zootoxin - a toxin resembling bacterial toxins in its antigenic properties that is found in the fluids of certain animals
bacterial toxin - any endotoxin or exotoxin formed in or elaborated by bacterial cells
cytotoxin - any substance that has a toxic effect on cells
endotoxin - a toxin that is confined inside the microorganisms and is released only when the microorganisms are broken down or die
exotoxin - a toxin that is secreted by microorganisms into the surrounding medium
hepatotoxin - any toxin that affects the liver
nephrotoxin - any toxin that affects the kidneys
neurolysin, neurotoxin - any toxin that affects neural tissues
phytotoxin, plant toxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

toxin

noun poison, venom Tests showed increased levels of toxins in fish.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

toxin

noun
Anything that is injurious, destructive, or fatal:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
méreg
toxin

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] Ntoxina f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntoxine f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

toxin

nGiftstoff m, → Toxin nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntossina
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

tox·in

n. toxina, veneno, sustancia nociva de origen animal o vegetal;
bacterial ______ bacteriana.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

toxin

n toxina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The isolate was subsequently submitted to CDC for serotyping and molecular testing to confirm the species identification and to test for the presence of cholera toxin genes.
[alpha]-CtxB ELISA for Detection of Cholera Toxin. In order to optimize [alpha]-CtxB ELISA, the bacterial supernatants of V.
Ab: Antibody Ag: Antigen BAL: Bronchoalveolar lavage cAMP: Cyclic AMP CT: Cholera toxin CTA: Cholera toxin A subunit CTB: Cholera toxin B subunit CTL: Cytotoxic T lymphocyte HIV-1: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 i.d.: Intradermal i.n.: Intranasal i.p.: Intraperitoneal i.v.: Intravenous LT: Heat-labile toxin GM1: Monosialoganglioside PTD: Protein transduction domain sIgA: Secretory IgA Tat: Transcriptional activator TCTA1T: Attached protein of PTD at both N-terminus and C-terminus of CTA1 TmCTA1T: Mutant TCTA1T TLR: Toll-like receptor.
Cholera toxin subunit B (CB) was obtained from Absin Bioscience Inc.
In the present study, all the samples analysed were negative for the cholera toxin gene (ctxAB), but the presence of other virulence factors indicates the possibility of infection under appropriate conditions.
Another possible scenario is that anthrax and cholera toxin could be delivered simultaneously as a binary weapon.
Abbreviations: BT: botulinum toxoid; cCHP: cationic cholesteryl-group bearing pullulan; CCL: CC chemokine ligand; CCR: CC chemokine receptor; CT: cholera toxin; CTB: CT B subunit; GALT: gut-associated lymphoid tissue; Gp2: glycoprotein 2; [IgA.sup.+] B cell: IgA-committed B cell; IL: interleukin; LT: heat-labile enterotoxin; MALT: mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue; M cell: microfold or membranous cell; NALT: nasopharynx-associated lymphoid tissue; PP: Peyer's patch; RANK: receptor activator of nuclear factor [kappa]B; RANKL: RANK ligand; SIgA: secretory IgA; TGF-[beta]: transforming growth factor [beta]; Th: helper T; UEA-1: Ulex europaeus agglutinin 1; VHH: variable domain of llama heavychain antibody fragment.
Czerkinsky, "Cholera toxin and cholera B subunit as oral-mucosal adjuvant and antigen vector systems," Vaccine, vol.
LaMont, "Comparative study of Clostridium difficile toxin A and cholera toxin in rabbit ileum," Gastroenterology, vol.
After evaluating all of the data, the patient was diagnosed with Castleman's disease (CD) and treated with five cycles of fludarabine 40 mg d1-d3 and cholera toxin (CTX) 0.4g d1-d3.
cholerae strains isolated from the environment have rarely been virulent in terms of carrying known human virulence genes such as ctx; cholera toxin, tcp; toxin-coregulated pili, and zot; zonula occludens toxin (Bauer et al.
The symptoms of the disease are mainly caused by secretion of an enterotoxin named Cholera Toxin (CT).