acetylcholinesterase

(redirected from Cholinesterase enzyme)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Cholinesterase enzyme: acetylcholinesterase, erythrocyte cholinesterase

a·ce·tyl·cho·li·nes·ter·ase

 (ə-sēt′l-kō′lə-nĕs′tə-rās′, -rāz′)
n.
An enzyme in the blood and in certain tissues that catalyzes the hydrolysis of acetylcholine.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

acetylcholinesterase

(əˈsiːtaɪlˌkəʊliːnˈɛstərˌeɪz; ˈæsɪtaɪl-)
n
(Biochemistry) an enzyme in nerve cells that is responsible for the destruction of acetylcholine and thus for switching off excitation of the nerve
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

a•ce•tyl•cho•lin•es•ter•ase

(əˌsit lˌkoʊ ləˈnɛs təˌreɪs, -ˌreɪz, əˌsɛt-, ˌæs ɪ tl-)

n.
an enzyme that counteracts the effects of acetylcholine by hydrolyzing it to choline and acetate.
[1945–50]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Biomarkers of pesticide exposure used to assess pesticide exposure include: (1) cholinesterase enzyme activities including acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) for assessing the exposure to organophosphate and carbamate containing pesticides; (2) dialkyl phosphate metabolites (DAPs), nonspecific for organophosphates [4-7]; (3) urinary 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA), a major metabolite of synthetic pyrethroid[8, 9]; and (4) urinary glyphosate [10].
(11) Reference values for this test include normal range 70-90%, and congenital deficiency 18-20%.13 There are several potential pitfalls to be considered when comparing cholinesterase enzyme activity.
By immobilizing the cholinesterase enzyme on the carrier in the detection device, the reaction makes it possible to detect the paralytic nerve warfare agents in the vapor-air mixture and also in water.
Organophosphates (contained in regulated agricultural insecticides and ingested to attempt suicide) cause harm by inhibiting function of the cholinesterase enzyme.
Interconversion of cholinesterase enzyme activity units by the manual delta pH method and a recommended automated method.