chernozem

(redirected from Chornozem)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.

cher·no·zem

 (chĕr′nə-zĕm′, chîr′nə-zyôm′)
n.
A very black topsoil, rich in humus, typical of cool to temperate semiarid regions such as the grasslands of Ukraine and southern Russia.

[Russian chernozëm : chërnyĭ, black + Old Russian zemĭ, earth; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots.]

cher′no·zem′ic adj.

chernozem

(ˈtʃɜːnəʊˌzɛm) or

tschernosem

n
(Geological Science) a black soil, rich in humus and carbonates, in cool or temperate semiarid regions, as the grasslands of Russia
[from Russian, contraction of chernaya zemlya black earth]

cher•no•zem

(ˈtʃɜr nəˌzɛm, ˈtʃɛər-)

n.
a soil common in cool or temperate semiarid climates, black and rich in humus and carbonates.
[1835–45; < Russian <chërn(yĭ) black + zemlyá earth]
Mentioned in ?