chromatin

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Related to Chromatin structure: nucleosome

chro·ma·tin

 (krō′mə-tĭn)
n.
A complex of nucleic acids and proteins, primarily histones, in the cell nucleus that stains readily with basic dyes and condenses to form chromosomes during cell division.

chro′ma·tin′ic adj.

chromatin

(ˈkrəʊmətɪn)
n
(Biology) cytology the part of the nucleus that consists of DNA and proteins, forms the chromosomes, and stains with basic dyes. See also euchromatin, heterochromatin
ˌchromaˈtinic adj
ˈchromaˌtoid adj

chro•ma•tin

(ˈkroʊ mə tɪn)

n.
the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus that consists of DNA, RNA, and various proteins, and forms chromosomes during cell division.
[< German (1880) < Greek chrōmat-, s. of chrôma color + German -in -in1]
chro`ma•tin′ic, adj.

chro·ma·tin

(krō′mə-tĭn)
The substance distributed in the nucleus of a cell that condenses to form chromosomes during cell division. It consists mainly of DNA and proteins called histones.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chromatin - the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteinschromatin - the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins; during mitotic division it condenses into chromosomes
body substance - the substance of the body
cell nucleus, karyon, nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
sex chromatin - chromatin found only in female cells; "the presence or absence of sex chromatin in cells obtained by amniocentesis makes it possible to determine the sex of a fetus"
chromosome - a threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order; "humans have 22 chromosome pairs plus two sex chromosomes"
Translations

chro·ma·tin

n. cromatina, parte del núcleo de la célula más propensa a absorber color.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nucleosome depletion alters the chromatin structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae centromeres.
In the absence of RA, RAR/RXR recruits transcriptional repressors such as nuclear receptor corepressor (N-CoR) and neuron-restrictive silencer factor/repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (NRSF/REST) into their complex with histone deacetylases (HDACs), which bring about a closed chromatin structure and suppress the transcription.
The dynamics of long- and short-range interactions between these modules will be assessed and correlated with the epigenetic state and chromatin structure.
The lightly stained sperms were taken as having functional chromatin, while stained dark were considered as fragmented chromatin structure.
Early on in the process, two of the transcription factors, Isl1 and Lhx3, work in tandem, binding to the genome and beginning a cascade of events including changes to chromatin structure and gene expression in the cells.
Three of the advances that have significantly pushed the envelope on cell line development include the identification, optimization, and utilization of technologies that control chromatin structure to maximize expression of recombinant genes, the development of next generation sequencing technologies that allow for sequencing of the whole CHO genome and sophisticated bioinformatics for improving analysis of sequencing data.
Regular, cellular DNA data storage has to untangle the complex chromatin structure of stable DNA, then unwind the DNA double helix itself, make a copy of the sequence of interest, then zip everything right back up the way it was - it takes a while.
This edition has reformatted worked problems; connections to online media; new problem-solving videos, online branched tutorials, online worked problems, quizzes, figure-based end-of-chapter problems, and introductory stories; updated and new animations/simulations; revised media resources; updated clicker questions; new lecture PowerPoints; new content on epigenetics, molecular genetics, conditional probability, CRISPR RNAs, long noncoding RNAs, Illumina sequencing, and evolution through changes in gene regulation; a revised section on DNA fingerprinting; and expanded discussion of the discovery of DNA structure, chromosome rearrangements, changes in chromatin structure, genome-wide association studies.
To the best of our knowledge, CDA type I has not been reported from India so far chromatin structure and chromatin bridges are specifically present in good percentage (table3).
The present work describes experiments undertaken to evaluate the usefulness of selected physicochemical indices of semen, cell membrane integrity and sperm chromatin structure for the assessment of boar semen sensitivity to processes connected with pre-insemination procedures.
The target of this research is the epigenome, which is composed of methylated DNA, histone proteins, chromatin structure, and noncoding RNA.