chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

(redirected from Chronic airway obstruction)
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Related to Chronic airway obstruction: COPD, Chronic obstructive lung disease

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

n. Abbr. COPD
A chronic, progressive lung disease in which there is poor airflow in the lungs, characterized by wheezing, shortness of breath with difficulty exhaling, and cough.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers
chronic bronchitis - a form of bronchitis characterized by excess production of sputum leading to a chronic cough and obstruction of air flow
emphysema, pulmonary emphysema - an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
References in periodicals archive ?
Cigarette smoke can also lead to certain lung diseases including emphysema, bronchitis, and chronic airway obstruction. There are currently more than 16 million Americans suffering from a disease that was caused by smoking.
In the present study, we detected obvious cardiac inflammation and oxidative stress in the myocardial tissues of rabbits with chronic airway obstruction, with upregulated cardiac inflammatory and oxidative stress factors.
Results of meta-analysis carried out by Allwood et al indicate that a significant association exists between past history of PTB and the presence of chronic airway obstruction, independent of smoking.17 According to some studies the development of active TB in COPD patients is partly therapy related, attributed to oral corticosteroids.18 It has been suggested that deterioration in the clinical status of COPD patients with increase demand for their medication might reflect an underlying active TB infection, thus suggesting a vigorous screening for its concomitant presence.

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