Ghosh's theories of literature are built around what he calls trans(in)fusion: a critical comparativity among a variety of sources and traditions, ideas and appropriations, without forgetting the legitimacy and competence of such literary-hermeneutic-theoretical acts: for instance, western critical theories, the Sanskrit concept of sahitya and Chinese classics such as Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu
. Miller's procedures in literary study are quite different from his.
It seems not to be widely known that Martin Buber was so involved in the study of Taoism as to have published a German translation of and commentary on Chuang-Tzu
's Taoist classic, 'Inner Chapters,' in 1910 (Buber, 1991/1910).
To be clear, my thesis is not that the Taoist philosophers Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu
were full-fledged libertarians or only libertarians, nor is it that all libertarians should become Taoists.
: The seven inner chapters and other writings from the book Chuang-tzu
While Nietzsche may linger in the shadows, the articulation of proportions is more given to Chuang-Tzu
. The content is only a matter of degree.
Finally, ancient Chinese philosopher Chuang-Tzu
provides the starting point for Butterfly Dreaming.
He explains: "I was doing my general research, and deviations from that research, and came across this copy from an old Chinese philosopher called Chuang-Tzu
One thinks in this connection, for example, of books such as Merton's Mystics and Zen Masters (1) or The Way of Chuang-Tzu
. (2) They reveal the depth of Merton's inter-religious empathy and his capacity to experience the "other" from within.
Using a series of questions on a variety of topics, this extended collection of readings for undergraduates, with contributors ranging from those of Kant to Plato, Descartes, Berkeley, Chuang-Tzu
, Sartre, the Koran, the Bible and Joseph Campbell, the editors cover the basics including religion and the meaning of life, the interactions of science, mind and nature, thinking and knowing, personhood, living a good life, and justice and responsibility.
According to Thomas Cleary, "[w]hat the classic points out is that to worry about length of life and fear death creates tension that tends to shorten life; furthermore, the life that may be prolonged by exercises [a practice associated with Taoism] is only one form or state of life, not the ultimate or universal destiny of the spirit" ('On the Historical Background of Taoism, Tao Te Ching, and Chuang-tzu
', included in Ibid., p.
Reading the Chuang-tzu
in the T'ang Dynasty: The Commentary of Ch'eng Hsuan-ying (fl.