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An ancient region of southeast Asia Minor along the Mediterranean Sea south of the Taurus Mountains. The area was conquered by Alexander the Great and later became part of the Roman Empire. It was the site of an independent Armenian state from 1080 to 1375.

Ci·li′cian adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) an ancient region and former kingdom of SE Asia Minor, between the Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean: corresponds to the region around present-day Adana
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(sɪˈlɪʃ ə)

an ancient country in SE Asia Minor: at one time a Roman province.
Ci•li′cian, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Placus, and was king of the Cilicians. His daughter had married Hector, and now came to meet him with a nurse who carried his little child in her bosom--a mere babe.
This area was the base of the Luwians in the Levant and guarded the flank of the Cilicians, centered by the 9th century BC in and around Tarsus and Karatepe.
from the Cilicians (...) and the word 'to play the Cilician to one, to cheat'] Cf.
He admitted some into the small towns of the Cilicians in Anatolia, and others he planted in the city of the Solians, also in Anatolia; to the majority he granted land in the ancient Greek province of Achaea to call their own and cultivate.
For indeed brilliant Achilles killed my father, and he utterly sacked the well-inhabited city of the Cilicians, high-gated Thebe.
The scale of the mortality and the form which it took persuaded those who lived, weeping and lamenting, through the bitter events of 1346 to 1348--the Chinese, Indians, Persians, Medes, Kurds, Armenians, Cilicians, Georgians, Mesopotamians, Nubians, Ethiopians, Turks, Egyptians, Arabs, Saracens and Greeks (for almost all the East has been affected)--that the last judgement had come.
The Cilicians had acquired a reputation for piracy since they were recruited as allies in the 140s BC by Diodotus Tryphon, a pretender to the Syrian throne.
We may reckon that on the second evening when the Greeks in their raid disabled some Cilician ships, the Cilicians were on patrol duty.
In addition to deductions from the contexts of the four phrases and the criticisms of his opponents elsewhere, we must now consider recent claims about Paul's knowledge of Roman law and, secondly, consider the opinion, widely held in the ancient Near East, that Cilicians were dishonest, a slur that Paul from Tarsus in Cilicia had to live down.
In addition, the southern coastal peoples of Asia Minor from the Lycians to the Cilicians, as well as the Syrians and Phoenicians, purportedly joined the rebellion.