Inflorescence thyrsoidea, terminal or axial, usually formed by isolated flowers mixed with pauciflorus cincinnus, which sometimes are sessile; deciduous bracts.
Inflorescence thyrsoid, 10(-15) cm long and 2 cm wide; cincinnus (1-)2-4 flower, pubescent pedicel 0.2-0.4 cm long.
Inflorescence thyrsoid 6-9 cm long and 2 cm wide; cincinnus 2-3(-5) flower, pedicel (0.15-) 0.2-0.3 (-0.5) cm long, slightly puberulent.
Inflorescence thyrsoid laxa 20 cm long and 8 cm wide, with cincinnus usually 1flower (-2-4flower); rachis, peduncle and pedicel tomentose.
This taxon belongs to the section Pachyphytum Moran, on account of its imbricate bracts of the young cincinnus
, of its corolla shorter than the calyx and of its the conspicuous red dot on the inner face of the corolla segments.
Already in 1522, the Vocabularium hebraicum that caps the Complutense Biblia poliglota explains [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] under the root as [LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] "cincinnus
capillorum seu coma capitis Secundum hebreos." (32) In his own Latin translation of the Hebrew Bible, completed around 1518 and first published in 1528, the Italian Dominican Santes Pagnini thus renders the middle part of Song 4:1: "oculi tui, columbarum inter cincinnos tuos" (he consistently translates tsammatech as "cincinnos tuos" in all four instances).
These words are particularly suggestive: "cincinnus
," an unusual term, means hair curled by curling irons, and "fucus" is the white, lead-based make-up used by both Roman women and boys.
A type of inflorescence in which there is a single terminal flower, and below this a single branch bearing one or more younger flowers; variations of coiled and zigzag patterns include helicoid, cincinnus
, bostryx, and scorpioid.
A coiled inflorescence has several variations called helicoid, cincinnus
, and bostryx.