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The 16th century, especially in Italian art and literature.

[Italian, from (mil) cinquecento, (one thousand) five hundred : cinque, five (from Latin quīnque; see penkwe in Indo-European roots) + cento, hundred (from Latin centum; see dekm̥ in Indo-European roots).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Art Terms) the 16th century, esp in reference to Italian art, architecture, or literature
[C18: Italian, shortened from milcinquecento 1500]
ˌcinqueˈcentist n
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(ˌtʃɪŋ kwɪˈtʃɛn toʊ)

n. (often cap.)
the 16th century, with reference to Italy, esp. to the Italian art or literature of that period.
[1750–60; < Italian, short for mil cinque cento 1500, used for period A.Dutch. 1500–99]
cin`que•cen′tism, n.
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