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 (sĭt′ərn) also cith·ern (sĭth′ərn, sĭth′-)
A 16th-century guitar with a flat, pear-shaped body.

[Perhaps blend of Latin cithara, cithara; see cithara, and obsolete English gittern (from Middle English, from Old French guiterne, from Latin cithara).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈsɪtɜːn) ,




(Instruments) a medieval stringed instrument resembling a lute but having wire strings and a flat back. Compare gittern
[C16: perhaps a blend of cither + gittern]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈsɪt ərn)

an old musical instrument related to the guitar, having a flat, pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings.
[1550–60; perhaps b. Latin cithara kithara and Middle French guiterne gittern]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cittern - a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire stringscittern - a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings
guitar - a stringed instrument usually having six strings; played by strumming or plucking
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
4: "Apocalipse do Lorvao" also known as the "Lorvao Beatus," 12th century, Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Lisbon, portugal), ordem de Cister, Mosteiro de lorvao, codice 44, PT/TT/MSML/B/44, detail of fol.
Fundado el Monasterio de las Huelgas por Alfonso VIII y su esposa Leonor, para ser panteon de los reyes de Castilla y retiro de personas nobles, el ano 1187 se establecio en el, como cabeza y matriz de las Bernardas de Castilla, la primera comunidad de monjas, inmediatamente sometida al Abad del Cister. Agraciado por las mercedes de los monarcas y algunos privilegios de los papas, su celebridad e importancia historica quedan reflejadas en su riqueza artistica, arquitectonica y musical.
A traves de esta documentacion podemos observar toda la vida del monasterio, desde los hechos mas solemnes a las costumbres mas cotidianas, pues las costumbres canonicas de la Orden del Cister obligaban a dejar constancia por escrito de cualquier hecho juridico minimamente resenable y no solo por motivos jurisdiccionales.
Early methods, such as Cister [19] and Cluster-Buster [20], only define the distance constraint between motif sites but do not model any order between motif sites within a CRM.
There are also many research institutions like INESC TEC, INESC ID, CISTER and research groups in universities which offer research positions for Master of science (18 Years of Education) degree holders and postdocs.
Around the papacy, and often parallel to it, an attraction field was being created, which ended up concentrating the efforts and militancy of a good portion of society, starting by religious individuals--not by chance, we can cite, as products and at the same time foundations of the papal reform the Orders of Cluny (founded in 970) and of Cister (founded in 1908).