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Related to Cisterna chyli: thoracic duct


n. pl. cis·ter·nae (-nē)
1. Anatomy A fluid-containing sac or cavity in the body of an organism. Also called reservoir.
2. Cytology One of the saclike vesicles that comprise the endoplasmic reticulum.

[Latin, cistern; see cistern.]

cis·ter′nal adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -nae (-niː)
(Anatomy) a sac or partially closed space containing body fluid, esp lymph or cerebrospinal fluid
[New Latin, from Latin; see cistern]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈsɪs tərn)

1. a reservoir, tank, or container for storing or holding water or other liquid.
2. a reservoir or receptacle of some natural fluid of the body.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Latin cisterna <cist(a) chest]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cisterna - a sac or cavity containing fluid especially lymph or cerebrospinal fluid
sac - a structure resembling a bag in an animal
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here in, we described and discussed a successful case of image-guided percutaneous embolization of cisterna chyli as a treatment modality for chylous fistula after failed conservative treatment modalities in an adult.
In the setting of Mycobacterium infections, histology has shown well-formed granulomas in lymphatic vessels causing lymphatic obstruction at the base of the mesentery or the cisterna chyli. (6,7)
The cisterna chyli is an important structure because it receives the lymphatic drainage from the intestinal trunk, the right and left lumbar lymphatic trunks, and small lymph vessels that descend from the lower part of the thorax.
The TD usually arises from the cisterna chyli and ascends to the thorax.
The thoracic duct forms during the 8th week of gestation as two distinct vessels anterior to the aorta, connecting the superior jugular lymph sacs to the inferior cisterna chyli. These vessels develop into the embryonic right and left thoracic ducts and share a number of anastomoses.
[2] Thoracic duct carries 60%-70% of ingested fat from the intestine to the circulatory system via the cisterna chyli near the junction of the left jugular and subclavian veins.
Further spread occurs via the iliac and para-aortic nodes to the cisterna chyli, thoracic duct, and then into the systemic blood circulation via the subclavian vein.